Sports

As US women's soccer team rallies for equal pay, what to know about the gender wage gap

iStock(NEW YORK) -- The U.S. Women's National Team claimed its fourth Women's World Cup championship title last week.

Procter & Gamble -- through a full-page ad in The New York Times for its deodorant brand Secret -- made headlines by offering a donation of the team of $529,000, or $23,000 for each player, in an effort to close the gender pay gap between players on the women's team and U.S. Men's National Team.

But it's not just in the world of sports where we see a discrepancy in pay between the sexes or its effects. Here's what you need to know about the gender pay gap and what you can do about it.

First, let's define the wage gap:

We've been recording the wage gap since 1963, when the Equal Pay Act was enacted. It's calculated by dividing the national median income of all full-time, year-round working women by the national median income of all full-time, year-round working men.

This is significant when you consider that women are employed at the same rate, educated to the same level and often responsible for the same earnings in their families as men.
Is the wage gap that big of a deal?

Women earn 80 cents less than men. It can be broken down further by specific factors, such as location, education, industry, marital status and race. For example, black women make 61 cents to the dollar and Hispanic women make only 53 cents to the dollar, according to research from the American Association of University Women.

Is it going to close anytime soon?

Nope. The World Economic Forum estimates that it will take 202 years to close the wage gap.
Why do people say it doesn't exist?

Let's go through each of the most frequently cited arguments on why the wage gap doesn't exist. (Spoiler alert: it does.)

'Women choose to work in lower paying jobs'

Actually the opposite is true: a report from the Institute for the Study of Labor shows that when women become more educated and experienced and enter traditionally male-heavy jobs, the pay declines for the job overall.

The reverse, too, is true. For example, computer programming used to be an unglamorous, predominantly female job. Now, it's one of the most lucrative career paths and is pretty much exclusively male.

'Women don't negotiate'

According to a study by the University of Wisconsin, the University of Warwick and the Cass Business School, women do negotiate as much as men. They're just less likely to receive pay bumps.

We think this is due to what is called "the double bind." Essentially it's when women are perceived to be acting outside of the norm of how we expect a women to be ("the good girl"), and then we get penalized. So, basically, when we are assertive and ask for a raise, we're perceived as aggressive and increase the chances of not getting it.

'Women leave the workforce to have children'

It's estimated that for every child a woman has, she suffers a 5% wage penalty at work, according to a study from Third Way. I want you to compare that to the fact that fathers earn 11% more than non-fathers.

Research has shown that employers are less likely to hire women with children compared to childless women, and if they do choose to hire a mother, employers offer a lower salary than they do to other women.

'Men have more education and experience'

OK, two things to note here:

One, women are 60% of today's college graduates, according to the National Center for Education Statistics.

Two, when both genders have more schooling, the wage gap actually widens for women. PayScale found a 4.6% wage gap between male and female M.D.s and a 4.7% gap between MBA holders.
Why should we care about it?

Closing the wage gap benefits everyone, not just women. If women were paid equally by 2025, we could add $12 trillion to the U.S. GDP, according to the McKinsey Global Institute. So that's cool.

The poverty rate for working women would be cut in half, says a report from the Institute for Women's Policy Research. This is significant because women currently make up 70% of Medicaid recipients and 80% of welfare recipients, so if we get them out of poverty, it will cost less for taxpayers.
So what can you do?

Despite the fact that the wage gap isn't going to close for a long time, there are four things you can do right now to create change:

1. Get a raise.

2. Talk to your company about pay transparency as well as family leave since without that, it makes it even harder for women to close the wage and leadership gap. There are statistics out there that will help you make a strong case for why these things help the bottom line.

3. Get involved in local and state politics. Familiarize yourself with what legislation is on the docket and where you can lend your support. Things like the salary history ban, increasing the minimum wage, paid family leave and affordable child care are all things that help close the wage gap and improve life for all.

4. Join Ladies Get Paid!

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Tiger Woods prepping for Open, says winning Masters took a toll

Photo by Phil Ellsworth / ESPN Images(PORTRUSH, Northern Ireland) -- He's coming off a remarkable win at The Masters, but Tiger Woods is unsure if he will be fully prepared for this week's British Open.

"It's not quite as sharp as I'd like to have it right now," Woods told reporters on Tuesday about his game. "I still need to get the shape of the golf ball a little bit better than I am right now, especially with the weather coming in and the winds are going to be changing."

Woods has played just ten competitive rounds since winning April's Masters. His unfamiliarity with the course for The Open will likely also played a role. Royal Portrush is hosting the tournament for the first time since 1951.

Woods says he had never stepped foot on the course until this week.

After the Masters, Woods missed the cut at the PGA Championship, and finished 9th and 21st, respectively, at the Memorial Tournament and the U.S. Open. He then took a two-week vacation where he played "zero" golf.

"Getting myself into position to win the Masters...it took a lot out of me," Woods admitted Tuesday. "It was a very emotional week and one that I keep reliving. It's hard to believe that I pulled it off and I ended up winning the tournament.

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Big 12: 'Horns Down' signal could be okay, depending on context

artisteer/iStock(NEW YORK) -- The Big 12 has decided that using the "Horns Down" hand signal will be acceptable in certain instances this college football season.

The conference's coordinator of football officials Greg Burks said that if a player flashes the sign quickly after scoring a touchdown, they would not likely be flagged for a penalty. Prolonged displays, however, would likely draw a penalty. Especially, Burks says, if they're directed towards an opposing player or the opposing bench.

The hand signal has been used for decades to mock the Texas Longhorns by reversing their "Hook 'Em Horns" signal.

"Like any play, there is a degree," Burks said at Tuesday's Big 12 media days.

There was some controversy last season when West Virginia wide receiver David Sills V made the signal following a first quarter touchdown play. Sills was penalized, but West Virginia went on to win the game. WVU quarterback Will Grier was also penalized for flashing the sign while celebrating the game-winning 2-point conversion in the final seconds.  

Burks did say that Grier's display would likely still draw a flag. "My advice is if you want to do that, do it back in your bench area. Do it back with teammates. Get away from where you are an individual drawing attention to yourself."

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Dallas Mavericks' owner Mark Cuban fined for leaking information during league meeting

Photo by Allen Kee / ESPN Images(NEW YORK) -- The NBA has fined Dallas Mavericks owner Mark Cuban for leaking information from a Board of Governor's meeting to the media.

Sources tell ESPN that Cuban shared information about a vote to allow coaches' challenges for the upcoming NBA season. Sacramento Kings owner Vivek Ranadive reportedly expressed concern about that information being leaked while the meeting was still in session.

ESPN says Cuban immediately admittedly to leaking the information.

Cuban told ESPN that he appreciates "the irony of your reporting on a fine that someone should -- but won't -- get fined for leaking to you."

According to ESPN, it is against league rules to discuss Board of Governors business with outsiders, which is why Cuban was fined. ESPN reports the fine was for $50,000.

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Scoreboard roundup -- 7/15/19

iStock(NEW YORK) -- Here are the scores from Monday's sports events:

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL

AMERICAN LEAGUE

Tampa Bay 5, NY Yankees 4
Boston 10, Toronto 8
Cleveland 8, Detroit 6
Kansas City 5, Chi White Sox 2
LA Angels 9, Houston 6

NATIONAL LEAGUE
San Francisco 19, Colorado 2
LA Dodgers 16, Philadelphia 2
Cincinnati 6, Chi Cubs 3
Atlanta 4, Milwaukee 2
St. Louis 7, Pittsburgh 0

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Former boxing champ Pernell 'Sweet Pea' Whitaker fatally struck by car

Scott Heavey/Getty Images(VIRGINIA BEACH, Va.) -- Former welterweight boxing champion Pernell "Sweet Pea" Whitaker died after he was hit by a car in Virginia Beach Sunday night, police said.

Emergency dispatchers received a call just after 10 p.m. that Whitaker, 55, was struck at the intersection of Northampton Boulevard and Baker Road, according to a press release from the Virginia Beach Police department.

Whitaker died from his injuries at the scene, police said.

The investigation is still ongoing, according to police.

The former millionaire made headlines in 2014 after he won a court case to evict his mother from a home in Norfolk he gave to her in the 1980s in order to pay his bills.

Whitaker won a gold medal in the lightweight division at the 1982 World Championships and the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2007.

Whitaker was a native of Norfolk, Virginia, and worked as a trainer after he retired from boxing.

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Former Titans linebacker Derrick Morgan to end NFL career at age 30

Frederick Breedon/Getty Images(NASHVILLE, Tenn.) -- Derrick Morgan says he is retiring from the NFL at the age of 30, hoping to achieve a greater impact outside of football, ESPN reports.

The former Tennessee Titans linebacker spent nine seasons with the team after being chosen with he 16th overall pick in the 2010 draft.

Now a free agent, Morgan came to the end of a four-year $27 million deal with the completion of the 2018 season. It was during that season that Morgan missed three games to recover from knee and shoulder injuries, according to ESPN.

Morgan, who has been involved previously in startup businesses and real estate, recently told ESPN that football has taught him about the "power of influence," and that his "purpose in life is bigger than the game."

"My goal is to create better and more meaningful opportunities for marginalized communities to break the cycles of generational poverty and build greater wealth and economic mobility," he told ESPN. "I feel a deep responsibility to leverage my platform for this."

Morgan said he plans to get to work on a large project that will impact his hometown community in Coatesville, Pa.

According to ESPN, Morgan finishes his career with 305 tackles and 44.5 sacks -- a sack total that places him sixth in the all time combined history of the Houston Oilers and the Titans.

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Lakers' Anthony Davis pass on USA training camp, sources say

Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images(LOS ANGELES) -- Anthony Davis won't participate in September's FIBA Basketball World Cup and the USA Basketball training camp, sources have confirmed to ESPN. Davis, just introduced as a Los Angeles Laker on Saturday, has opted to focus on the upcoming season instead.

Though Davis has not ruled out the possibility of playing for the 2020 U.S. Olympic team, league sources told ESPN, the Lakers player -- for now -- wants to prioritize the needs of this new team in the offseason and help to secure a Lakers championship win.

Yahoo Sports first reported Davis' decision to sit out of the USA Basketball training camp in Las Vegas next month.

Davis, who played on the 2012 USA Olympic team as well as the 2014 national team at the FIBA Basketball World Cup, recently joined the Lakers in a blockbuster trade deal in June.
 
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Scoreboard roundup -- 7/14/19

iStock(NEW YORK) -- Here are the scores from Sunday's sports events:

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL


INTERLEAGUE

LA Dodgers 7, Boston 4, 12 Innings

AMERICAN LEAGUE

NY Yankees 4, Toronto 2
Tampa Bay 4, Baltimore 1
Cleveland 4, Minnesota 3
Detroit 12, Kansas City 8
Houston 12, Texas 4
LA Angels 6, Seattle 3
Oakland 3, Chi White Sox 2

NATIONAL LEAGUE

Philadelphia 4, Washington 3
NY Mets 6, Miami 2
San Francisco 8, Milwaukee 3
St. Louis 5, Arizona 2
Chi Cubs 8, Pittsburgh 3
Colorado 10, Cincinnati 9
Atlanta 4, San Diego 1

WOMEN'S NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATION PLAYOFFS

OT  LA Sparks 76, Atlanta 71
Chicago 89, Dallas 79
Connecticut 76, Indiana 63
Minnesota 75, Phoenix 62
Seattle 78, NY Liberty 69

MAJOR LEAGUE SOCCER

Seattle 2, Atlanta 1

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WWE star Jeff Hardy arrested for public intoxication

Myrtle Beach Police Department(MYRTLE BEACH, S.C.) -- World Wrestling Entertainment star Jeff Hardy was arrested on Saturday for public intoxication.

The pro wrestler was taken into custody in the popular seaside community of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, after police responded to calls about an intoxicated person, according to the Myrtle Beach Police Department.

Hardy was arrested at about 11 a.m., Myrtle Beach Police Cpl. Thomas Vest told Florence ABC affiliate WPDE-TV.

The 41-year-old star has been on the sidelines for months due to a leg injury.

WWE released a statement to several media outlets saying Hardy is "responsible for his own personal actions."

Hardy, who has for years starred alongside his brother Matt as one half of the tag team the Hardy Boys, has a history of arrests and substance abuse.

He was arrested at his home in North Carolina in September 2009 for possession of prescription pills, anabolic steroids and drug paraphernalia. He pleaded guilty and served 10 days in prison and paid a $100,000 fine in 2011.

Hardy was again arrested, this time for driving while intoxicated, after a car crash in March 2018 in Concord, North Carolina.

The wrestler captured fans' hearts for his death-defying stunts with WWE from 1998 through 2003. After multiple tag team championship reigns with his brother, and a release from the company for his erratic behavior, he finally won the heavyweight title in his return to WWE in 2009. He spent multiple stints in TNA wrestling, a competitor to WWE, and won its heavyweight title as well.

After seven years away from WWE, he and his brother made a surprise return at Wrestlemania in 2017.

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