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Courtesy Russ Saputo(NEW YORK) -- An Indiana dad brought his little girl and a second special date to an annual father-daughter dance to ensure no one would be left out.


Russ Saputo took both his daughter, Angelina, 10, and her best friend Ellcy Miller, 9, to the event at Trinity Lutheran School in Elkhart last month. Ellcy's dad died in 2016.

"I said [to Angelina], 'I know it's your night, but what do you think about sharing and we can double date?'" Saputo said. "It was an easy choice for me. Whatever makes these little girls smile is what I'll do. Ellcy is a sweetheart and she and Angelina have been friends since kindergarten."

Angelina and Ellcy have stayed friends even though they now attend different schools. In May 2016, one month after her father passed away, Saputo had accompanied Ellcy to her school's father-daughter dance at St. Thomas the Apostle in Elkhart. Then both families decided to make it a tradition and invite Ellcy to accompany Saputo again, along with Angelina, to the dance at Trinity Lutheran.

On the big night, Angelina's mother, Marisa Saputo, and Ellcy's mom, Kellan White, curled the girls' hair and snapped photos.

At the event, Saputo and the girls had a blast dancing like they were "sizzling bacon."

"It was really very touching and I totally think he's the greatest father," White told ABC News. "He treats Ellcy like she's his own. She can tell him anything -- that's the type of relationship they have together and Angelina and Ellcy are sisters. They just have different mothers and fathers."

Saputo plans on bringing the girls on a "second date" for ice cream in his 1969 Camaro that they love so much, he said.

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FDA(NEW YORK) -- Some packages of potato chips are being pulled from shelves over Salmonella concerns.

Frito-Lay announced Friday it is voluntarily recalling Jalapeño Flavored Lay’s Kettle Cooked potato chips and Jalapeño Flavored Miss Vickie’s Kettle Cooked potato chips. The snack-maker said it was because of a supplier's recent recall of a seasoning that included jalapeño powder possibly tainted with Salmonella.

"Although no Salmonella was found in the seasoning supplied to Frito-Lay, the company has decided to recall these products out of an abundance of caution," a release from the Food and Drug Administration said.

No chip consumers have reported illnesses related to the recall, according to the FDA, but if you have purchased the chips, the FDA advises not to consume them.

The recall does not include Jalapeño Cheddar Flavored Lay’s Kettle Cooked 40% Less Fat potato chips.

For more information on the recall, you can check out the release from the FDA.

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Courtesy Marsha Aizumi(ARCADIA, Calif.) -- Marsha Aizumi’s daughter was a student at Arcadia High School in Arcadia, California in 2006, when she was struggling with her sexuality. Bullied and anxiety-ridden, the high school senior was ready to drop out. She was suffering from panic attacks and was diagnosed with agoraphobia, fear of being in crowds, public places, or open areas. Aizumi, concerned for her child, approached the principal and vice principal, and together they came up with a solution that would allow the student to take part in independent study and get her high school diploma.

A couple of years later, Aizumi’s daughter came out as transgender and began the transition to male, a difficult process involving hormone therapies, surgeries and a legal name change to Aiden.

“There was, like, every day more light came back into his eyes,” Aizumi said. “I saw him walk by a mirror. And he stopped. And he looked at himself in the mirror. And I knew at that moment, he said to himself, ‘Gosh, this is who I always thought I should be.’”

Today, Aiden, 28, is pursuing his master’s degree, married, and is an activist in the LGBTQ community as president of the Pasadena chapter of PFLAG, an advocacy group.

PFLAG calls itself the nation's largest and oldest organization uniting people who are LGBTQ with their families and allies, providing support, education, and advocacy. According to PFLAG, it was “the first national organization to include transgender people in its mission, and has been fully inclusive of the entire LGBTQ community ever since.”

For more information on LGBTQIA issues and resources for LGBTQIA individuals and families, please visit www.pflag.org.

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ABC News(NEW YORK) -- Two years ago, the celebrated Olympic hero and famous reality TV show dad then known as Bruce Jenner revealed to the world in an exclusive interview with Diane Sawyer that he had struggled his entire life with gender identity.

Now, two years later, Caitlyn Jenner has fully transitioned to living as female. She detailed this journey in her new memoir, The Secrets of My Life, out on April 25, and sat down with Sawyer for a second exclusive interview to talk about what becoming a woman has been like for her and the highs and lows along the way.

Overall, Jenner said she is still a “work in progress.”

“I’ve grown into Caitlyn,” she said. “It’s tough to take 65 years of being Bruce and being male, and then like, overnight, everything changes. At first you don’t know how to handle it.”

In Sawyer’s first interview, Jenner said, “Bruce lives a lie -- she is not a lie.” Today, Caitlyn Jenner said she is “happy” and “peaceful.”

“[There is] peace in my soul,” she said. “All of that confusion has left me.”

When she ventures outside her Malibu home, Jenner said she’ll take 20 to 40 selfies a day with strangers who walk up to her. Even a typical trip to the supermarket is met with people pulling out their phones, asking for photos with her. Jenner said she tries to accommodate all of them, no matter who asks.

“I had a guy actually ... ask for a selfie and said, ‘Oh Bruce, could you give me a selfie?’ And I looked at him. Nobody’s called me that in two years almost now, and I said, ‘No problem,’” she said. “I want them to walk away saying, ‘Oh Caitlyn Jenner was so nice’ .... that transpeople, yes, are approachable ... and they are a vital part of our society.”

Once she began her transition, Jenner traveled a long road of hormone therapy, surgery and dealing with a world of criticism from all sides.

The first time she appeared publicly as Caitlyn Jenner was in the bombshell July 2015 Vanity Fair cover photo, in which she was clad in a white body suit and featured with long, sweeping brown hair and makeup. The headline? “Call me Caitlyn.”

“My feeling on that picture, I know, my kids that thought, ‘You know what? It’s a little too much,’” Jenner said. “But from my standpoint, I had suffered for 65 years, OK? To have a beautiful shot of my authentic self was important.

“And the shock value,” she continued. “I wanted to end the old Bruce, my old life ... and that picture did it.”

Four months after that cover came out, Jenner took another brave step into the spotlight when she appeared in a long, white gown in front of 6,000 people at the ESPY Awards, a ceremony that honors excellence in athletic achievements. On stage, Jenner, who became a national hero after she won the decathlon at the 1976 Olympics, faced her peers as a woman for the time as she received the Arthur Ashe Award for Courage.

 “I had been to the ESPYs so many times ... kind of a scary place to go,” Jenner said.

In the audience that night were superstars in every sport, including Derek Jeter, Brett Favre and Alex Rodriguez, and Jenner said she couldn’t look at any of them during her speech. She worried that some of the athletes in the audience would see her and think, “What a freak.”

“I still wonder about that,” she said. “Some guys can accept it, some guys can’t.”

She said she only got through the speech by thinking about the thousands of transgender people across the country who live in fear of bullying, homicide, discrimination and ridicule. According to the National Center for Transgender Equality, in the largest national survey of transgender adults, 40 percent said they once attempted suicide.

“If you want to call me names, make jokes, doubt my intentions, go ahead, because the reality is, I can take it,” Jenner said. “But for the thousands of kids out there coming to terms with being true to who they are, they shouldn’t have to take it.”

Back when Jenner first emerged as Caitlyn, she said she did so with optimism and was unprepared for what was to come.

“There was a lot of hope there,” she said. “Have I, in the last two years, had a bigger dose of reality? Absolutely. … I knew absolutely nothing.”

After Jenner spoke out two years ago about being transgender, dozens of young people came forward to share their stories.

Growing up in Tarrytown, New York, in the late 1950s, Jenner said she was about 8 or 9 years old when she secretly started wearing dresses from her mother’s closet. She kept this to herself for years, not knowing who to talk to about it at a time before the internet existed.

After becoming a household name for winning the decathlon at the 1976 Olympics, Jenner became a motivational speaker and said she would sometimes go out on stage secretly wearing a bra and pantyhose underneath a suit.

For decades, Jenner’s first two ex-wives and sister Pam Mettler kept the secret of her gender identity struggle. The circle expanded two years ago when Jenner told her mother and her children. Jenner has six biological children -- Burt, Cassandra, Brandon, Brody, Kendall and Kylie -- and four stepchildren -- Kourtney, Kim, Khloe and Rob Kardashian.

In the '80s, Jenner said she suffered from severe depression and isolated herself, pulling away from seeing her children. She started taking female hormones, but at the time, Jenner was so frightened of being discovered and of humiliation, she said she resigned herself to living a lie -- thinking that maybe there would be an instruction in her will to be buried as “her.”

“I thought that most of my life,” Jenner said. “I said, ‘If I go and when I’m buried,’ yeah, I wanted to be dressed as her because that’s the way I was going to heaven.

“I would say I would kind of shock everybody when they come and visit the casket,” she added.

In her book, Jenner describes the years of trying to deal with this internal struggle. Shortly before she came out publicly as transgender, she underwent facial feminization surgery.

Only a small percentage of transgender people go on to get what is called the “final surgery” or “gender confirmation surgery.” Jenner wrote that she had the “final surgery” in January 2017.

“I do mention in the book everything I did,” Jenner told Sawyer. “But I wasn’t less of a woman the day before I had the surgery than I was the day after I had the surgery, because that did not define who I am as a human being.”

Jenner said that while she chose to write about her own decision in the book, she emphasized that it is personal and private.

“That doesn’t mean in the future that I have to talk about it, that I’m going to dwell. The media may but I’m not going to dwell on that subject,” she said. “And I would make a suggestion to all people out there -- don’t ask the question. It’s not an appropriate question to ask any transperson.”

After she came out as transgender, Jenner received widespread praise, but then stumbled through several pitfalls in trying to navigate the sensitivities of her new world.

She appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show in September 2015 and seemed hesitant when the talk show host asked her if she supported marriage equality -- she now tells Sawyer she is 100 percent in favor of same-sex marriage. Then Jenner was criticized for comments she made during a November 2015 Buzzfeed interview, in which she said the hardest part of being a woman was “figuring out what to wear.”

Her transition was the subject of her E! docu-series, I Am Cait, which tackled some important issues in the transgender community, but was also accused of being tone deaf for including scenes with makeup, clothes, drinking wine and “problems of privilege.” It was canceled after two seasons.

Despite those criticisms, Jenner said she still feels and sees the hardships facing the transgender community today.

“At the beginning of this whole thing, yes, I knew absolutely nothing,” she said. “Yes, I made mistakes. On some subjects, I think I was insensitive, honestly, because I just didn’t know any better.”

Jenner has been the target of not only relentless paparazzi but also transgender supporters who claimed she was not representative of their community. Jenner said there have been vicious attacks against her online.

But the kindest thing she said she heard from someone was, “I love you for what you’re doing,” including from “people who have ... thought about suicide and said they wouldn’t do it.”

Jenny Boylan, a professor and GLAAD board chair who also appeared on I Am Cait, and author of the new novel “Long Black Veil,” said Jenner “absolutely” saved lives by going public with her story.

“She didn’t know anything,” Boylan said. “I know some people roll their eyes at Caitlyn. And I would ask them if they have ever had to do anything this hard as Cait had to do, and I would ask them if they have gotten everything right the first time in their lives.”

In the two years Jenner has grappled with her new identity, the country has erupted with debates over transgender rights, from wading through proper pronoun usage to facing North Carolina’s “bathroom bill” controversy. While all of this seems confusing to some, Boylan, herself transgender, said it can be a threat for others.

“The fear is that the world is becoming an unstable place and that if there's anything that we can depend on, it's that there are men and that there are women,” she said.

Jenner, a lifelong Republican, admits that she voted for candidate Donald Trump in the 2016 election, saying it was because she thought he would bring jobs and a smaller government, and she supported his inclusion of the LGBT community. But Jenner said Trump broke her trust when, about a month into his presidency, he repealed an Obama-era directive to make it a civil right under Title IX law for transgender people to use the bathroom of their choice.

“Here’s the deal breaker with the Republican Party,” Jenner said. “And the deal breaker is, 'You mess with my community ... you don’t give us equality and a fair shot, I’m coming after you.'”

And Jenner did go public, posting a video on YouTube in which she called the “bathroom bill” controversy “a disaster.” She said she has not spoken to Trump since she said hello to him at an inauguration cocktail party.

“He wanted me to come play golf with him,” Jenner said. “At that time, I thought it was a pretty good idea, but since Title IX -- it’s not a good idea and so I won’t be playing golf with him. ... Would I meet with him privately on this issue? Absolutely.”

Over the past two years, Jenner said she has learned a great deal about the transgender community, including what are acceptable or appropriate questions to ask or topics to cover, from talking with experts, other transgender people and parents of transgender kids.

ABC News recently hosted a small event where Jenner had a conversation with parents, school administrators and religious community members to talk about both sides of the debate.

Jenner said that moving forward she wants to concentrate on raising money for transgender causes. She has already raised $1.3 million with MAC Cosmetics and said she wants to ask other corporations for help. Jenner is also starting a foundation, the Caitlyn Jenner Foundation, to support transgender causes. But she fears this country will not see “full acceptance” of transgender rights in her lifetime.

"Just like with everything in life, you're not going to get full acceptance," she said. “Is it going to get better? I hope so. And I hope that I'm part of that.”

“I'm playing in the fourth quarter of life,” Jenner added. “I don't have that many years left. I'm playing in the fourth quarter.”

Jenner said she has no regrets about her transition. She dedicated her memoir to her brother, who died right after the 1976 Olympics, and her father, a decorated soldier who fought in World War II.

“The reason I dedicated it to them,” she said, “[was] because they are the only two in my family who have never heard this story.”

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- As the most decorated Olympic swimmer in history, Michael Phelps is used to spending time in the pool. And now that he’s a dad, he’s passing on safe pool practices and the importance of water conservation to his son, Boomer.

“I think the biggest thing is just to get him to be water safe,” Phelps told ABC News. “Trying to get more kids water safe -- we lose way too many kids in the water every year.”

Whether the nearly 1-year-old Boomer will follow in his father’s competitive footsteps, Phelps said it’s far too early to say, but he said he and wife Nicole Johnson will support whatever he chooses.

“For right now, if he is able to be water safe and he’s able to fall in love with the sport, that’s great,” Phelps, whose foundation works to promote water safety, said. “If not, I won’t be too disappointed. Growing up, my mother was always very supportive of things I did and wanted to do. I was able to just fall in love with the sport, so it turned into this.”

 He said his family is also concerned with conserving water and he’s recently partnered with Colgate’s #EveryDropCounts campaign.

“For me, growing up, obviously I spent a lot of time in the pool and around water,” Phelps, 31, said. “If you begin to think about what you’re doing on a daily basis and how much water we’re actually wasting, it’s mind-blowing. Think about if you brush your teeth for two minutes twice a day, you’re wasting 4 to 5 gallons of water if you leave the water running. And that’s just one person.”

 The 28-time Olympic medalist -- who's said that the 2016 Rio Olympics would be his last -- is using downtime to enjoy fatherhood.

“The last year has gone by so fast. It’s hard to imagine that he’s 1 year old coming up,” he said. “So many parents have said things to me like, ‘Watch how fast the time goes, and before you know it they’re graduating from high school.’ As weird as that sounds, I now see how true it is. We’re taking it moment by moment and step by step and enjoying every single little detail of him."

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James Doherty(NASHVILLE, Tenn.) -- This Batman-loving couple has some out-of-this-world news to share: they’re pregnant!

James and Alisha Doherty of Nashville announced their new bundle of joy with a super hero-themed photo shoot.

“I actually can’t remember who had the idea,” James, 27, told ABC News. “She’s a good sport when it comes to that sort of thing. I don’t really have to twist her arm to do this sort of thing.”

The fun-loving duo dress in their Batman costumes as a hobby, wearing the suits to birthdays, charities and fundraisers when asked. James makes the capes himself but buys the bodysuit pieces from Iconic FX and UD replicas.

“We don’t really charge for it. We just do it for fun,” he said. “I buy the pieces from a friend of mine. I get them and put them together. This suit, in particular, the torso and the legs, is a motorcycle suit. And part of it is rubber. The capes I make myself. That’s generally how I make the income to keep the hobby up.”

Alisha is 12 weeks pregnant and due on Halloween, “which is great for our costuming hobbies,” said James.

The proud parents, who do not know the sex of the baby yet, “couldn’t be more excited.”

The couple already showed off a tiny Robin costume for their new baby in their photo shoot. It's likely the first of many.

“Maybe not as a baby, but definitely as it grows up we’ll have some pretty cool costumes,” James said with a laugh. “We love Halloween and dressing up.”

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iStock/Thinkstock(BOSTON) -- Days after his death, Aaron Hernandez's brain will be examined for signs of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) at Boston University, according to ABC affiliate WCVB-TV.

At the time of his death, Hernandez was serving a life sentence for killing Odin Lloyd in 2013. Under Massachusetts law, this 2015 first-degree murder conviction may be vacated because Hernandez died while the verdict was under appeal. Hernandez's death was ruled a suicide by the Massachusetts State Medical Examiner on Thursday after he was found hanging from a bedsheet in his prison cell earlier this week.

Hernandez will be the latest former NFL player to be examined by the Boston University Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy Center, which has found signs of CTE in 90 deceased players.

Here's more information on how experts look for this mysterious illness, which can only be diagnosed after death.

What is CTE?

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy is a neurodegenerative disease that can cause the brain to atrophy and change over time. It is believed to be caused by repeated blows to the head -- especially concussive injuries -- although researchers are also investigating if genetics could be a component in the development of CTE.

Dr. Brian Appleby, a neurologist in the Brain Health and Memory Center at the University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, told ABC News that there are specific types of blows to the head that predispose someone to the disease.

Appleby said these are typically "high velocity blows," including ones that are similar to those received by "wide receivers or cornerbacks who run really fast and then stop all of a sudden."

He added that these kinds of blows can also affect members of the military who are "too close to an IED explosion."

Additionally, repeated head traumas "immediately after each other" are associated with increased CTE risk, Appleby said.

How do researchers find CTE?

CTE can only be diagnosed during a posthumous examination of the brain. Tell-tale changes in the frontal lobe of the brain are one indicator of the disease, Appleby said.

"By looking at the structure of the brain, they [can] see shrinkage and atrophy at the frontal temporal lobe," Appleby said. "That can affect mood and behavior."

Researchers will also search Hernandez's brain for signs of tau buildup. Tau is a microscopic protein that helps the brain function. But deposits of tau are associated with a host of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's. The appearance of tau buildups in a brain with CTE, however, are unique.

That's one reason why CTE "looks different than any other neurodegenerative condition," Appleby explained.

What are the symptoms of CTE?

CTE symptoms can be frustratingly broad and vague. The Boston University CTE Center describes an extensive list of symptoms including "memory loss, confusion, impaired judgment, impulse control problems, aggression, depression, and, eventually, progressive dementia."

Appleby said in some cases, the disease can result in symptoms similar to ALS or amyotrophic laterals sclerosis, which can result in a person losing control of their muscles.

Who gets CTE?

The disease used to be considered a disease that primarily affected former boxers, but it has also been found in former football players, hockey players, and military veterans. Playing these sports into adulthood isn't necessarily why people get CTE; some trauma to the brain in childhood may cause CTE to develop later on.

CTE has been diagnosed in people as young as 17.

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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- Weeks after Republicans' proposed health care bill failed before coming to a vote, representatives are floating new proposals in the hopes of salvaging their original plan to "repeal and replace" Obamacare.

The latest fix comes in the form of an amendment to the original bill from Rep. Tom MacArthur (R-NJ). MacArthur worked with House Freedom Caucus Chairman Mark Meadows to craft the amendment, which would give states the option to apply for waivers that exempt them from certain federal standards for health insurance coverage.

If passed, the amendment could affect two key areas of people's health insurance coverage: their essential health benefits and their ability to get affordable insurance if they have pre-existing conditions. In order to qualify for these waivers, states would need to prove they could either lower the cost of healthcare for people or increase the number of people covered by insurance. Here's what you need to know about those two important components.

Essential Health Benefits

Under this amendment, there would still be a federal standard requiring insurance companies to cover essential health benefits. These benefits include maternity care, mental health coverage, and prescription drugs. But states could apply for a limited number of waivers that exempt insurers from providing all of those benefits.

Health experts say that if this amendment is passed, the costs for people in need of specific essential health benefits will likely face higher premiums.

"If somebody needs maternity care, it will be much more expensive," Christine Eibner, senior economist and professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School, told ABC News.

She explained that insurance companies will likely assume that if someone chooses coverage that includes mental health treatment or prescription drug treatment, they are doing so because they will need those services. As a result, insurance companies would charge far higher amounts for plans that include those benefits.

Eibner also pointed out that should the amendment allow insurance sales across state lines, the waivers could affect states that decide to keep the ACA mandate on essential health benefits.

"If sales [are] across the state lines...it would be challenging for states who want to maintain those benefits," she said.

For example, if an insurance company doesn't want to provide coverage in a state that requires more benefits, they could pull out of their local marketplace and sell insurance in states where the requirements are less strict, Eibner said. As a result, it could mean fewer options for health insurance in states who do decide to keep essential health benefits coverage intact.

Pre-Existing Conditions

The second aspect of the proposed amendment could affect coverage for people with pre-existing conditions. While insurance companies couldn't outright deny coverage, they may be able to charge far higher rates in states that apply for waivers.

The waivers would exempt them from the community rating provision of the ACA. The community rating provision is a way of setting premiums and is designed to ensure risk is spread evenly across a larger community. This means that people are charged the same rate regardless of different factors like health status. Under the ACA, insurance companies could only change rates for different plans based on a person's age, geographic location, the number of people on a plan and their tobacco use, according to the Kaiser Family Foundation.

If this provision changes under the new amendment, it would mean that people with pre-existing conditions may be charged far higher premiums than others. To be considered for a waiver, states would have to create and fund a high-risk pool for people who have difficulty getting insurance.

"If you waive community rating, then that's basically the same as [saying] people can be denied insurance by the insurer" due to the cost, Gary Claxton, vice-president of the Kaiser Family Foundation told ABC News.

While it's not clear exactly how the proposed high-risk pools would work, prior to the ACA, 35 states had high-risk pools to cover residents who otherwise would not be insured because of pre-existing conditions. The Kaiser Family Foundation found that state high-risk pools often had significantly higher premiums and likely included just a small fraction of people who needed coverage.

While the proposed change -- and the larger health care bill -- would likely need to drastically change in order to pass the Senate, Claxton said Republicans with likely continue to struggle to come to a consensus on health care legislation.

"Fundamentally, they want to take money out of the system. Part of the problem and part of the issues with health insurance is that good health insurance is expensive," he explained. "If you want to make it cheaper, you have to do the kinds of things we were just talking about and those aren't popular."

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Good Morning America's Amy Robach is training for the 14th annual SHAPE Women's Half Marathon this month in New York City.

Robach did a training run with Olympic distance runner Roberto Mandje who shared tips for women and men of all ages on how to best prepare for a long-distance race.

Set a goal: "You gotta crawl before you can walk," Mandje said, adding that even if it means only running one or two miles a day, "that's fine." He also advised that runners make a plan long before actually starting a race. "Whether it's just finishing or beating your previous best time, you just want to establish realistic goals and work towards that incrementally," he said.

Stick to a routine: Mandje said it was key to race in the clothes you've trained with, and more importantly, to not wear brand new running shoes on race day. "You don't wanna experiment with new shoes," Mandje said. "Then all the training goes out the window because they're dealing with blisters."

Remember to stretch: Mandje recommended dynamic stretches to get the body ready by raising the heart rate and activating different leg muscles, including quads and hamstrings.

Pace yourself: "People do tend to get overly excited and before you know it you've gone out too fast and it could blow your whole race plan," Mandje said. He said it was important to set a sensible pace for the race.

Stay hydrated: The Olympic runner said having a hydration plan is key for long-distance races and recommended hydrating "maybe every 20 minutes or so in the race." Mandje also discussed breathing techniques and jokingly told Robach, "technically, if you're alive, you're doing it right." But he added that runners should practice relaxed breaths and "every once in a while take a really deep breath from your gut and fill your lungs."

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arto_canon_iStock/Thinkstock(BOSTON) -- Two new studies from the same research group have found that those who consume one or more sugary drinks per day showed more brain shrinkage on MRI scans and performed more poorly on memory tests.

In one study, the observed effect was equivalent to a 3.5-year difference in brain aging seen on MRI and a 13-year difference in memory test performance, researchers from Boston University School of Medicine found.

In a separate study, the same researchers found that those who consume more artificially sweetened drinks were nearly three times as likely to have a stroke.

The researchers also said these diet drink consumers were twice as likely to have Alzheimer's dementia, though, importantly, this association disappeared once the researchers took into account certain health conditions of the subjects.

COMMENTS: These findings demonstrate an association between sugary drinks and brain changes and between diet drinks and brain changes. It does not necessarily prove causality -- it could be that thirsty people have something else going on that affects their brains. Still, these findings are highly likely to get attention.

Click here to learn more on the stroke study and here for the Alzheimer's and dementia study.

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ajafoto/iStock/Thinkstock(PHILADELPHIA) -- An 11-year-old girl’s battle with cancer, and her wish to make sure no other child must fight the disease, has inspired a new, viral challenge involving mustard.

The “Mustard Challenge,” started by the No More Kids With Cancer charity, asks participants to eat a spoonful of mustard, share the moment on social media and challenge four friends to take the challenge within 24 hours or make a donation.

The challenge is the brainchild of the family of Naya Summy, who lost her battle with brain cancer in 2015 at age 11. Naya, who lived in the Philadelphia area, was diagnosed with high-risk medulloblastoma in 2013 and passed away just 22 months later.

“She was super smart and was going to conquer the world,” Naya’s mom, Amy Summy, told ABC News. “She stood out.”

Naya began raising tens of thousands of dollars for The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia while she was undergoing treatment there. She asked her family, including her dad, Hank Summy, and her 16-year-old brother, Zak, to keep up her fight against pediatric cancer.

“She was positive but every day was a difficult time so she really just wanted to end [cancer],” Amy Summy said. “She just didn’t believe that children should have cancer.”

The family started their charity, No More Kids With Cancer, after hearing Naya describe her dream of a future without pediatric cancer.

“We listened to her words and they were so clear,” Summy said.

The Mustard Challenge, which will end on Aug. 5 -- National Mustard Day -- is particularly aimed at raising awareness about the types of toxic drugs that children, including Naya, receive while undergoing cancer treatment.

Summy learned after Naya’s death that some of the drugs she was treated with were derived from the same chemicals as mustard gas.

“As a mom when I found that out, I couldn’t sleep that night and, still, it makes me so angry and sad,” she said. “We’re putting those same compounds in people and children.”

No More Kids With Cancer is focused on finding safer and more effective treatments for children with cancer, according to Summy. The charity is hoping to raise at least $6 million through the Mustard Challenge.

Dr. Michael Fisher, chief of the neuro-oncology division at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, described pediatric cancer research today as “at the dawn” of a new era but in need of more funding to unlock key areas, like precision medicine and immunotherapy.

“While we have been getting better over the years, there are still too many kids who die of cancer,” said Fisher, who treated Naya and is on the board of No More Kids With Cancer. “We’ve sort of reached the limit of where we’re going to get with therapies that were designed decades ago.”

Fisher recalled Naya as a “pretty amazing kid” who never let cancer hold her back, recalling one instance in which she asked her doctors' permission to swim with sharks.

“She was a wise beyond her years kid who was also very compassionate,” he said. “She was really wanting to raise money early on, not necessarily to help herself, but to help other kids with cancer.”

The Mustard Challenge is already getting attention from celebrities, including former NBA star David Robinson. Participants are sharing their videos using the hashtags #MustardChallenge and #NoMoreKidswithCancer.

Just took the challenge, check it out!#nomorekidswithcancer#MustardChallenge pic.twitter.com/x5oRpYmIzl

— David Robinson (@DavidtheAdmiral) April 18, 2017

For the Summy family, the focus is on fulfilling their "promise to Naya" of raising money and awareness for pediatric cancer. They also think Naya would get a kick out of watching others partake in the Mustard Challenge, and would have been the first to partake herself.

"She did the ice bucket challenge when she was in treatment," Summy said, referring to the viral challenge that raised money for Lou Gehrig’s disease. "I think she would just think this is funny."

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Redders48/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Seven years ago today, an explosion occurred on the Deepwater Horizon oil platform, killing 11 workers and triggering the worst oil spill in U.S. history. It took 87 days to cap the well. During that time, approximately 3.19 million barrels of crude oil flowed into the Gulf of Mexico.

The spill had a huge impact on marine wildlife, including wild bottlenose dolphins living in Louisiana’s Barataria Bay. A study released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in April 2016 noted that the spill may have led to historically high death rates and impaired reproductive health for the group of dolphins.

Pregnant dolphins showed an 80 percent reproductive failure rate, either because the fetuses were exposed to oil spill-related compounds or because the mothers' health suffered from the exposure, according to NOAA Fisheries.

Dolphins exposed to the oil compounds who were not pregnant were more likely to have damaged lungs and adrenal glands, which regulate hormones, and many developed bacterial pneumonia.

Kathleen Colegrove, a Veterinary Pathologist from University of Illinois who specializes in marine mammal pathology, remembered evaluating one dolphin, Y12, who was emaciated. Y12 was found to have severe lung disease on a pulmonary ultrasound. She said it was "one of the most severe phenomena I had ever diagnosed." The dolphin died less than seven months after its initial evaluation.

According to a report by the National Wildlife Federation, bottlenose dolphins along the U.S. gulf coast from the Florida panhandle to the Texas-Louisiana border had twice the historic death rates in 2014, but even higher where oil concentration was elevated.

"Places that received less oil did not have particularly elevated numbers of dolphin deaths in 2014," the report said, "while dolphins in heavily oiled Louisiana were found dead at four times historic rates."

The report added that this is the longest period of above-average death rates in more than two decades and was not attributed to other common causes of death like viruses or red tide.

Further study is being funded by the Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI), which was established through a $500 million financial commitment from BP following the spill.

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ABC News(NEW YORK) -- A Texas elementary school is showing their support for a beloved crossing guard after she was diagnosed with cancer.

Staff and students at the Rusk School in Houston have already raised $5,850 of their $10,000 goal on behalf of Sanjuana Torres, 59, who has worked at the school for 20 years.

"I was overwhelmed," Torres told ABC News Wednesday. "No one has ever done anything for me and I was happy. It's like our principal always said to me, 'Ms. Torres, we are your family we are going to take care of you.' They are my family."

Torres started working at Rusk in 1997. Since then, she has helped make sure all of the children safely reach their classrooms.

"I enjoy seeing the kids here and seeing their faces in the morning as well as in the afternoon," Torres said. "I watch over them and make sure they're OK."

All five of her own sons also attended the school.

Torres was diagnosed in March with uterine cancer and will undergo a hysterectomy today at Ben Taub Hospital in Houston, she said.

Senta Butler, the magnet school coordinator at Rusk, told ABC News that she created a GoFundMe page titled "Our Beloved Crossing Guard!" to help cover the cost of Torres' medical bills and living expenses while she's in recovery and out of work over the summer.

"When we found out about this, we just had to do something," Butler said. "She never lets it affect her. No one knew that it was something of a serious nature. She does so much for so many people around here and she touches everyone in a very special way."

Butler said the students adore Torres and treasure mornings with her as she high fives them on their way into school.

Jayden, an 11-year-old sixth grader at Rusk, said he's known Torres since the third grade.

"She's cool, she's a nice lady," he added. "I hope she could get better and defeat whatever she has."

Eighth grader Valeria, 13, agreed.

"She's one of the most incredible ladies I've ever met," Valeria said. "She's practically family to us here at Rusk. I hope she can get past all of this and do all of the things she aspires to do."

Torres said her family will be by her side during her surgery on Thursday. She plans to return to work at the school she loves in August, she added.

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Bet_Noire/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The World Health Organization says efforts must be undertaken to alleviate poverty around the world if the progress made in battling tropical diseases is to continue.

In 2015 alone, the agency says that one billion people received treatment for neglected tropical diseases. WHO Director General Dr. Margaret Chan called the efforts part of the observed "record-breaking progress towards bringing ancient scourges like sleeping sickness and elephantiasis to their knees."

Millions of people, she added, have been saved from poverty and disability as a result of "one of the most effective global partnerships in modern public health."

A group of global partners agreed to fight neglected tropical diseases together in 2007. In that time, local and international partners have worked with ministries of health in affected countries to "deliver quality-assured medicines, and provide people with care and long-term management," WHO says.

Still, a report released Wednesday says more still must be done.

"Further gains in the fight against NTD's will depend on wider progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals," said Dr. Dirk Engels, Director of the Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases. The WHO says 2.4 billion people worldwide lack basic sanitation facilities and 660 million drink water from "unimproved sources."

Recent concern over diseases like the Zika virus and Chikungunya have re-energized the effort to fight tropical diseases.

The WHO notes that NTD's impact hundreds of millions of people in the poorest parts of the world. The formerly prevalent diseases are now restricted to tropical regions with unsafe water, poor hygiene and sanitation, and poor housing conditions.

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Ingram Publishing/Thinkstock(LAS VEGAS) -- Las Vegas now has a new tool to fight HIV and hepatitis C: vending machines that dispense clean needles.

Local health officials announced this month they have started a needle exchange program in an effort to prevent an outbreak of blood borne diseases, a potential occurrence among intravenous drug users. In Clark County, where Las Vegas is located, approximately nine percent of HIV cases are found in people who use drugs intravenously, according to the Southern Nevada Health District. To combat a rise in HIV infections and other diseases, the Southern Nevada Health District and Trac-B Exchange, in collaboration with the Nevada AIDS Research and Education Society (NARES), launched the initiative earlier this month.

“It starts with providing a clean needle and syringe to one person," Dr. Joe Iser, chief health officer of the Southern Nevada Health District, said in a statement last Wednesday. "However, we know one in 10 HIV diagnoses occur in people who inject drugs. Providing clean needles and supplies is a proven method for limiting disease transmission in a community."

Officials have been concerned about the risk of a disease outbreak as heroin use has spiked in the U.S. in recent years, according to to the Southern Nevada Health District.

During the pilot program, people will have to register with the Trac-B Exchange Harm Reduction Center before accessing the vending machines. Individuals will be allotted two boxes with sterile needles and syringes to reduce the risk of infection. The center, where the vending machines are located, also conducts HIV and hepatitis C testing.

"In addition to providing supplies to individual clients, the goal of our program is to improve the health and well-being of people affected by drug use by increasing their access to health care, providing them with education, and reducing the risk of harm to others in our community,” said Iser.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that annual HIV diagnoses among black and Hispanic or Latino intravenous drug users dropped by approximately 50 percent between 2008 to 2014 and that the drop was likely due to increased access to sterile syringes.

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