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ABC News(NEW YORK) --  "Brexit" campaigner and newly appointed British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson dismissed the notion that there are parallels between the United Kingdom's vote in June to leave the European Union, known as "Brexit," and the rise of Donald Trump in the U.S. to become the Republican presidential nominee.

"I think there's a sort of false analogy between Brexit and events in American politics or anywhere else in the world," Johnson, who was until earlier this year the mayor of London, told ABC News Chief Anchor George Stephanopoulos in an exclusive interview for This Week to air Sunday.

Both Trump, who has proclaimed himself to be "Mr. Brexit," and another U.K. politician, Nigel Farage, have sought to highlight similarities between the GOP nominee's campaign in the U.S. and the British referendum to leave the European Union – including on issues of trade and immigration policy. Trump even brought Farage, who was one of the leaders of the Brexit movement, on stage with him at a campaign rally in August.

"The parallels are there. There are millions of ordinary Americans who’ve been let down, who’ve had a bad time, who feel the political class in Washington are detached from them,” Farage told the crowd in Jackson, Mississippi. “You have a fantastic opportunity here with this campaign ... You’ll do it by doing what we did for Brexit in Britain.”

 But Johnson, who had also supported Britain’s move to leave the EU, said his country’s campaign differs from Trump on trade policy since “in the control of a trade we want free trade.”

"Brexit was about democracy ... The problem is that our trade policy was handed lock, stock and barrel 43 years ago to the Commission of the European Union," Johnson said. "Only 3.6 percent of the officials in that European Commission actually come from our country. How are they supposed to know the trade needs, the interests of British business and industry?"

He said the United Kingdom now has an opportunity to have more influence over its trade policies.

"We've got a chance to take back control of our WTO schedules in Geneva -- our World Trade Organization highly robbed of tariffs -- and do deals," he said.

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Jawad al Rifai /Anadolu Agency/Getty Images(LONDON) -- A dramatic video shows a young girl getting rescued alive from under a collapsed building after an airstrike in the besieged city of Aleppo, Syria.

Rescue workers are seen in the video pulling the small child from under the rubble by her ponytail. She weeps as her head appears among the ruins of a building in Aleppo.

"It's OK, it's OK," says the man as he tries to pull her out. "Where is your hand, where is your hand? Can you show me your hand?" he asks the girl.

The child was identified as Rawan Alowsh, 5, by British broadcaster Sky News, which obtained the footage. She lost her four siblings and parents in the attack, according to Sky News.

Rescue workers in the video are able to remove enough rubble to pull the girl out. She is covered in dust and her head is spotted with blood as they rush her to the ambulance.

The girl was rescued following a second day of intense airstrikes on Aleppo that followed the Syrian military's announcement that it was launching a military offensive against the eastern, rebel-held part of the city.

Among Friday's victims were 12 members of the same family, including six children, who were killed by airstrikes in the village of Bashkateen in Aleppo's western countryside, said the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which attributed the strikes to Syrian government forces.

In east Aleppo, at least 27 people, including two children from one family, were killed by Russian and government airstrikes, since the bombardments started Thursday night, according to the observatory. Many were injured and others are missing, the observatory said.

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Ibrahim Ebu Leys/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images(LONDON) -- Even as U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry has renewed his plea for government and opposition forces to stop fighting in Syria, the country's city of Aleppo was pounded overnight and Friday morning by intense bombing.

Among the victims were 12 members of the same family, including six children, who were killed by airstrikes in the village of Bashkateen in Aleppo's western countryside Friday, said the U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which attributed the strikes to Syrian government forces.

The family was internally displaced, having moved to Bashkateen from another Syrian town, activists said.

In east Aleppo, at least 27 people, including two children from one family, were killed by Russian and government airstrikes, according to the observatory. Many were injured and others are missing, the observatory said.

Even in this war-weary city, last night's airstrikes were frightening.

“My wife and daughter didn’t sleep all night. We were petrified. The sound of the explosions is much worse than usual,” an east Aleppo resident told ABC News.

Airstrikes continued Friday morning, with three out of four Syrian Civil Defense centers under fire, according to a tweet by the civil defense.

The Aleppo Media Center posted photos on Twitter that it said showed damage after attacks on Aleppo's Qaterji neighborhood.

Activists claim that the Syrian government and Russia have used napalm, phosphorous and cluster bombs in attacks on Aleppo since the Syrian military declared Monday that the cease-fire had ended. ABC News has not been able to independently verify these claims.

One out of only two water-pumping stations in Aleppo was hit overnight, according to local activists. The two stations are under the control of forces opposed to the Syrian government but provide water for both rebel-held eastern Aleppo and government-held western Aleppo.

The attacks Thursday and Friday followed an announcement from the Syrian military that it was launching an offensive against eastern Aleppo and offering evacuation corridors for civilians. In the statement, the military urged civilians to stay away from “locations of armed terrorist groups.”

Residents said the government's move is part of a deliberate policy of forced displacement.

Meanwhile, eastern Aleppo is still waiting for aid, which was supposed to reach the besieged area during the U.S.-Russia-brokered cease-fire. The truce was broken Monday when an attack on an aid convoy in western Aleppo left at least 21 people dead, including several aid workers.

The United Nations has 40 trucks with aid ready to enter eastern Aleppo. The aid has been sitting by the Turkish border since the beginning of last week and is still waiting by the border in Syria customs area. Once the U.N. gets the green light, the first convoy carrying a month's worth of wheat flour for more than 150,000 people will be sent to Aleppo, according to the U.N.’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The shipment will be followed up by a delivery of enough food rations to feed 35,000 people for a month.

“The recent upsurge of violence in east Aleppo is obviously a concern for us. However, we are standby,” David Swanson, spokesman for the U.N.’s humanitarian affairs office, told ABC News. “As humanitarians on the front line we are ready to move. It is now up to the politicians to make this a reality.”

The distance from the Turkish border to east Aleppo is only some 40 miles, but the journey could take about four to five hours.

Up to 275,000 people in eastern Aleppo are in need of humanitarian aid. Aid workers have not been able to reach the besieged area since clashes between the Syrian government and armed rebel groups started July 7.

Around 13.5 million people in Syria are in need of humanitarian assistance, while 4.8 million have fled their country and 6.1 million are internally displaced, according to this month's figures from the U.N.'s humanitarian affairs office.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- A 3-year-old boy has been rescued after surviving three days alone in the wilderness in a remote part of Siberia, authorities said.

The boy, Tserin Dopchut, disappeared on Sunday after wandering away from his house while playing with dogs in the small village of Khut in the Pyi-Khemskiy district in Russia's Tuva republic, the republic’s president wrote in a statement announcing the rescue.

The little boy survived the next 72 hours without a coat and just a bar of chocolate. Temperatures sometimes dip close to zero in the sparsely populated area, prowled by wild animals including wolves and bears.

Local elite police units, as well as rescue dogs, were dispatched to help in the search effort. The boy was eventually found by police nearly 2 miles from his house, lying in a field, the TASS state news agency reported.

“He called out when he heard his uncle calling,” Tuva’s president, Sholdan Kara-ool, wrote in the statement, posted on his official social media account. Kara-Ool said the boy had found a dry spot under a tree to sleep, which helped him to keep warm.

“Everyone is calling him 'Mowgli.' Even the adults are surprised by his endurance and his survival,” Kara-Ool wrote.

The boy was flown to a hospital in Tuva’s capital for medical checks. President Kara-Ool said the child had not suffered any serious health issues as a result of the ordeal and was now out of shock.

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Mark Cuthbert/UK Press via Getty Images(LONDON) -- Prince William, Princess Kate and their children, Prince George and Princess Charlotte, will arrive Saturday in Victoria, British Columbia, for a one-week royal tour of Canada.

The trip, the first royal tour for 1-year-old Princess Charlotte, will take William and Kate, both 34, on adventures ranging from a mountain biking demonstration to a rainforest tour, as well as visits to charities and a meeting with Syrian refugees now living in Canada.

Here are five things to watch for on the royal family's tour of Canada:

1. Prince George and Princess Charlotte

Prince William and Princess Kate will begin their first royal tour as a family of four when they arrive in Canada this Saturday. We last saw 16-month-old Princess Charlotte at a public engagement in June when she joined the family on the balcony for Queen Elizabeth II's official birthday celebration.

Prince George, 3, accompanied his parents to Australia and New Zealand when he was 9 months old. A Kensington Palace spokesman said William and Kate decided to bring their children along on this trip because it is "a great opportunity for them to introduce their children to a major realm." The spokesman added, "They really enjoyed taking Prince George to New Zealand and Australia and are delighted to have this opportunity to introduce them to Canada."

George and Charlotte will have a surprise when they arrive at Government House in Victoria, British Columbia. The gardeners at Government House have placed floating rubber duckies on the grounds to welcome Prince George and Princess Charlotte, according to Canadian TV.

2. Huge Crowds

William and Kate received a rock-star welcome in Canada in 2011 on their first tour as married couple. The newlyweds drew crowds as big as an estimated 300,000 to 500,000 people at their Canada Day appearance in Ottawa in July 2011. Expect huge crowds again with people hoping just to catch a glimpse of William and Kate when they head to Victoria and Vancouver, British Columbia, and the picturesque areas in Yukon and Haida Gwaii.

3. Meeting with Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Sophie Grégoire Trudeau

William and Kate are going to Canada on behalf of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and at the invitation of Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. Trudeau's father, Pierre Trudeau, hosted William's parents, Prince Charles and the late Princess Diana in 1991 when he was prime minister. The young and dynamic Trudeau family, including Trudeau's wife Sophie and their three children, are often compared to William and Kate.

4. Princess Kate’s Style

With more than 30 engagements and countless fashion changes planned for the tour of Canada, all eyes will be on Kate. The itinerary is more "casual and outdoorsy," so who knows what Kate might pack. No tiaras are expected on this trip but Kate could borrow jewels from the Queen's extensive collection for one of the more formal receptions she and William will attend. Any piece brought on the trip by Kate would likely have significance to Canada. In 2011, Kate brought the Queen's Maple Leaf Diamond brooch and wore it three times.

It is also possible Kate could debut something Princess Diana wore on her three tours to Canada, like the Butler and Wilson bow and dangle earrings Diana wore in Vancouver in 1986. Kate may also bring along her trusty sapphire and diamond drop earrings which she wore on her last tour of Canada.

5. Outdoor Adventures

William and Kate love a good competition while on a royal tour. The couple raced dragon boats on their 2011 Canadian tour and took to the high seas in New Zealand's Auckland Harbor, squaring off against America's Cup yachts. Nothing like that is planned for this trip but the couple will get a chance to enjoy the best of Canadian culture and the country’s stunning countryside. They will tour the Great Bear Rainforest by float plane, be welcomed by First Nation communities and watch a volleyball demonstration. William and Kate will also partake in a wine tasting and will even take in some fishing and enjoy some of the more spectacular scenery by canoe.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) — In the chaos and fog of a brutal conflict that has claimed an estimated 400,000 to 500,000 lives, a ragtag group of former bakers, tailors, salespeople, teachers, pharmacists, painters, carpenters and students has emerged as real-life heroes, providing a glimmer of hope in Syria's brutal five-year-old civil war.

The Syria Civil Defense group, otherwise known as the White Helmets, get their inspiration from an oft-quoted verse of the Quran: "to save a life is to save all of humanity." So far, the group of about 3,000 White Helmets have performed that feat some 60,000 times, often working in perilous conditions surrounded by violent conflict.

On Thursday, the group won the Right Livelihood Award, often described as the "Alternative Nobel." The group has also been nominated for the Nobel Peace prize, with the support of over 133 organizations worldwide so far.

Their job may be the most dangerous in the world. Comprised of unpaid volunteers using whatever supplies they can get their hands on, the White Helmets often place their own lives at risk, venturing into active battle zones to assist the sick and wounded.

"We go to save as many people as we can," says White Helmet Khaled Farah. If one person was alive, that's enough for us to take the risk."

So far, some 132 White Helmet volunteers have been killed in the line of duty, the majority from so-called "double-tap" strikes, where warplanes will drop a second bomb in the same spot of an initial strike as people rush in to aid the wounded and remove the dead.

"I help civilians every day, knowing that this will give my daughter and my country a better future," says another White Helmet, known simply as Fatima.

Their motto is "Humanity, Solidarity, Impartiality,” and the group says it services some seven million people in vulnerable areas of the country, some of which have been racked by unremitting violence.

When not conducting rescue missions, the volunteers teach children and adults on safety measures to take during aerial attacks, help provide first aid and medical services, assist in the the evacuation of civilian populations from active conflict zones and help re-establish critical infrastructure like water and electricity.

More than 13 million people require humanitarian assistance of some kind across Syria.

Some 6 million people have been forced from their homes in the country — nearly 1 million of them in the past six months alone.

Of particular concern are the nearly 600,000 Syrians the United Nations estimates are living in besieged areas, cut off from regular access to basic necessities and living with the daily threat of deadly violence.

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ABC News(NEW YORK) — Growing up in Kenya, Salima Visram, 23, was exposed at an early age to the importance of education.

"When I realized that I had access to education, but a lot of kids right outside didn't have the same privilege, I thought it wasn't fair, and that every child deserved the right to education," she told ABC News.

Around the world, 58 million children between the ages of 6 and 11 don’t have access to education and 100 million children did not finished primary education in 2015, according to UNESCO’S 2015 EFA Global Monitoring Report, "Education For All 2000-2015: Achievements and Challenges."

One of those reasons, Visram said, is the lack of access to electricity for children living in poverty. According to International Energy Agency’s World Energy Outlook, as of 2015, there are 1.3 billion people in the world without electricity.

"I never really saw the importance, but never really understood that electricity was actually at the center of all these issues," she said. "And when I realized that it had a direct impact on education, health, and economic empowerment, I decided that it was the best place to target all three issues."

That’s when Visram came up with the idea to create The Soular Backpack; a backpack equipped with solar panels that charge up LED light that can then allow kids without access to electricity to study at night.

"A child generally carries the backpack to school. The backpack has a solar panel on it and, as they walk to school, the sun's energy is being collected in the lamp," said Visram who studied international development at McGill University in Montreal. "When they come home every night, and they switch on the lamp, [they] can study for up to five hours for every hour they spend in the sun.”

After a successful crowdfunding campaign this past December raising $50,000 dollars, which was enough for the first 2,500 bags, she has been distributing the bags in parts of Kenya including the Kibera slums, Kakamega, Kisumu and Kikumbala Village.

Visram partnered with Academy Award Actress Lupita Nyong’o after Nyong’o heard about the backpacks in 2015, shortly after finishing filming Disney’s Queen of Katwe.

"I played Harriet, the mother to Phiona Mutesi, who finds herself in abject poverty and struggling to keep her family together and provide for them," Nyong’o told ABC News.

"Phiona wants to study chess. And in one of the scenes, she lights the kerosene lamp to do some studying at night, and her mother reminds her that it's expensive and that she couldn't afford it, so she has to switch it off," she added. "And eventually in the film she finds a way to keep that light on.”

This past July, Visram and Nyong’o were part of a distribution event in the slums of Katwe, Uganda where only 20 percent of the population has access to electricity according to the 2014 Uganda Bureau of Statistics report. Many families use a quarter of their income to power their homes with kerosene.

"It was very moving and I really enjoyed distributing the bags and seeing the eager look in the students' faces," said Nyong’o. "There is a hunger for education and I felt that today. And the appreciation for the opportunity to give them the power to pursue their dreams and their goals.”

"I think this project has the power to change the world and I would like to see it move worldwide," said Nyong'o. "To see children take charge of their education and be able to support themselves in this very, very simple and practical way I think is extremely powerful. Because when you give a child that kind of illumination, they can excel better in school because they have the power to educate themselves."

Soular Backpack says that for every backpack purchased, one will be provided free of charge to a child in Africa. "We really hope that through the provision of these backpacks, they're able to study every night and take control of their own education, so that they can become whatever they want to become in the future."

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State Department(NEW YORK) -- U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry told reporters Thursday he was "frustrated" that the cease-fire inside Syria, brokered last week by Russia and the United States, had fallen apart but said he was "no less determined today than I was yesterday" to restore the cease-fire.

While both sides continue to blame each other for violating the terms, Kerry said neither the U.S. nor Russia have come to an agreement about a way forward.

"We can't go out to the world and say we have an agreement when we don't," Kerry said at the Palace Hotel in New York City. "Nor do we tell our partners that there's a cessation [of hostilities] when there isn't."

Kerry accused Russia of disobeying the terms of the cease-fire agreement, adding that negotiations cannot go anywhere when the Russians are "denying the truth." Russia has accused the U.S. of bombing a humanitarian aid convoy in Syria from an unmanned drone, while the U.S. has said it holds Russia and its regime allies accountable.

In a conference call with reporters, a senior U.S. administration official described today's meeting as "contentious" and said it would take "extraordinary steps by the Russians and the regime" to get the cease-fire back on track.

Kerry said he will meet again tomorrow with his Russian counterpart, Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, to keep working on options that would lead to a resumption of the cease-fire.

"The United States will continue to pursue every avenue of progress that we can, because it is the only way to stop the killing, it's the only way to ease the suffering, and its the only way to make possible the restoration of a united Syria," Kerry said. "If we do not succeed in doing this one way or the other, this catastrophic situation is going to get even worse."

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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) — As criticism continues over Donald Trump Jr.’s "bowl of skittles" tweet, President Obama hopes different story on Syrian refugees goes viral.

A video from the White House posted to Obama's Facebook page Wednesday night features a young boy named Alex from New York who wrote to Obama asking to host Omran Daqneesh, the 5-year-old Syrian boy shown in a heartbreaking picture out of Aleppo, Syria.

Obama read the letter during a summit on refugees he hosted earlier this week at the UN General Assembly, calling for nations to adopt the same compassion shown by the young boy.

In less than 10 hours, the video posted on Obama's Facebook earned 106 thousand likes and was viewed more than 3 million times.

It gives a tour of Alex’s home as he reads about sharing his toys with Daqneesh, inviting him to birthday parties and hoping he will “teach us another language.”

“The humanity that a young child can display who hasn’t learned to be cynical, or suspicious, or fearful of other people because of how they look or where they’re from or how they pray,” Obama says in the video. “We can all learn from Alex.”

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Peter Spiro/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- U.S. colleges accounted for nearly one-third of the top 200 universities in the world, according to the latest rankings put out by Times Higher Education.

The top slot in the newest rankings went to the University of Oxford, which bumped California Institute of Technology out of the top spot to number two. Stanford University came in third place, with the University of Cambridge fourth and Massachusetts Institute of Technology fifth.

The rankings included 980 educational institutions from 79 countries, using five groups of performance indicators. The rankings look at teaching, research, influence, international outlook and industry income to rank the universities. Among the specific factors used are a reputation survey, ratios of staff to students, doctorate degrees to bachelor's degrees awarded, institutional and research income, international student population and collaboration and the number of times a school's published work is cited by scholars around the world.

The top 200 list included 63 schools in the United States, 32 in the United Kingdom, 22 in Germany and 13 in the Netherlands.

You can see the full list here.

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DELIL SOULEIMAN/AFP/Getty Images(LONDON) — When Halla Yousef, a teacher in Madaya, sees one of her young students cry of hunger, she cannot do anything to help.

“I can’t feed him,” she told ABC News. "He says, 'I’m hungry' and I can’t do anything."

The estimated 40,000 people who live in the besieged Syrian town of Madaya have not received any aid since April. Humanitarian assistance was supposed to reach Madaya and three other war-torn Syrian towns yesterday -- but after an attack on an aid convoy in western Aleppo on Monday, the United Nations suspended all aid deliveries to Syria.

Yousef, who uses a pseudonym out of safety concerns, says she now fears the situation will get much worse without the aid delivery that was expected.

“We are on the verge of famine. Many people don’t have any food supplies left,” she said. “People are weak and have no energy. They get sick very easily. I haven’t had protein in a very long time and I haven’t had milk for over a year.”

Madaya is facing a meningitis epidemic and residents live without basic food such as flour, vegetables, fruit and meat. Their main diet is bulgur and rice, which Yousef says they mix in order to bake bread.

“There is almost never meat and almost never any kind of fresh fruit or vegetables. We have heard of children who were 4 or 5 years old who saw pictures of an apple and didn’t know what it was because they had never seen one in their memory,” Misty Buswell, Save the Children's regional advocacy director for the Middle East, told ABC News. "Many parents are afraid to send their children to school because of the meningitis epidemic."

Lack of food means that locals -- especially children -- are more at risk of catching diseases, said Buswell. Yousef, 40, is one of many residents who suffer from meningitis.

“My body is very weak,” she said. “I always have a headache and fever. In the morning, I feel like I don’t want to get up, like I didn’t get enough sleep and my body is tired. I have no energy.”

Many people are out of work. Others, including her husband, don’t get paid, she said. At the same time, prices of food are extremely high -- Yousef says that the normal price for two pounds of cucumbers or tomatoes is $20. Yousef makes $200 a month, but sends all the money to her sister in Lebanon who takes care of her three children who were able to leave Madaya over a year ago. Yousef and her husband couldn’t leave because they are wanted by the Syrian government for doing aid work, she said.

“The worst thing is being away from my children. My oldest daughter is engaged and I don’t know her fiancé. Because my children aren't here, I feel like I have a lot of affection that I want to give others. Today I played with the children at the school and we laughed loud," she said, adding that she used to have a lot of money and live a nice life before she was forced to flee to Madaya, which had not yet been affected by the war.

“I never thought I would end up like this,” she said. “I want to see life and cars in the streets and I want to see a supermarket with good food, meat, yogurt and cookies. The other day, I was speaking with my children in Lebanon. They sent me photos from the supermarket and it made me cry.”

An estimated 13.5 million people, including six million children, are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria, according to the United Nations. Of these, 5.47 million people are in hard-to-reach areas, including close to 600,000 people in 18 besieged areas.

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DiMaggio/Kalish/Corbis via Getty Images(OKINAWA, Japan) — A U.S. Marine Corps pilot ejected safely from a Harrier jet that crashed into the Pacific Ocean off the coast of the Japanese island of Okinawa Thursday, the U.S. Pacific Command confirmed to ABC News in a statement.

The incident took place at approximately 2:00 p.m. local time near Kadena Air Base, the statement said. The aircraft involved was an AV-8 Harrier pilot.

The Air Force's 33rd Rescue Squadron, also out of Kadena Airbase, successfully recovered the pilot.

The aircraft went down in the ocean about 100 nautical miles east of Okinawa.

The cause of the incident is under investigation, the statement said.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) --  A shell fragment from an ISIS rocket that landed several hundred yards from a U.S. base in northern Iraq will undergo further testing to determine if it contained mustard agent after two initial field tests provided different conclusions, a U.S. military official said Wednesday. No American forces have shown symptoms of possible exposure to mustard agent in an incident that occurred Tuesday.

The American base at Qayarrah West Airfield received some indirect fire on Tuesday afternoon, according to the military official. Hundreds of American personnel are currently working on the airfield to prepare it as a logistical hub for an eventual offensive on the ISIS-held city of Mosul. No one was injured in the rocket attack.

Following the attack, a small team of U.S. personnel conducting a routine inspection for unexploded ordnance in the perimeter around the base came across a small shell fragment that contained what the official described as an oily "tar-like" residue, which sometimes indicates mustard agent.

A chemical field test of the shell fragment tested positive for mustard agent, but a subsequent test came up negative, the military official said. The shell fragment will now undergo further testing at a laboratory to determine if it ever contained the blistering agent.

As a precautionary measure, the two to four U.S. military personnel who came across the shell fragment were decontaminated with showers and brushing to wipe away any agent, the official said. None of them has shown any symptoms or potential impacts from the contact with the shell.

Mustard agent is a powder that can be placed in the hollow tip of an artillery shell or rocket. Exposure at a place of impact could cause blistering, but the agent dissipates quickly and does not spread over a wide area.

The official described ISIS's use of blistering agent as "militarily insignificant," though American troops are prepared for potential chemical weapons exposure.

ISIS has used mustard agent dozens of times against Iraqi and Kurdish forces, but the official did not know if this was the first potential contact with ISIS chemical weapons experienced by American troops serving in Iraq.

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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) --  The Senate cleared the way Wednesday for a massive arms deal with Saudi Arabia to proceed, after voting against a resolution that would have blocked the transfer of $1.15 billion worth of military equipment to be sold from the U.S. to Saudi Arabia.

The bipartisan resolution was introduced in the Senate earlier this month amidst increased reports of civilian casualties in Yemen at the hands of the Saudi-led coalition.

Sens. Chris Murphy, D-Conn., Rand Paul, R-Ky., Al Franken, D-Minn., and Mike Lee, R-Utah, who introduced the resolution, argued in part that by arming Saudi Arabia, the U.S. was complacent in these civilian deaths in Yemen.

Amnesty International said in a statement Monday that a U.S.-made bomb was used in a Saudi airstrike on a Doctors Without Borders hospital in northern Yemen that killed 11 and injured 19.

While the humanitarian group expressed disappointment at Wednesday's vote, they praised the increased "voice of dissent" in Congress regarding U.S. arms sales to Saudi.

"Today’s vote is the latest example of the growing voice of dissent in Congress when it comes to the United States’ selling arms to Saudi Arabia,” Sunjeev Bery, Amnesty International USA Advocacy Director for the Middle East and North Africa, said in a statement.

“U.S. officials know that the Saudi government continues dropping bombs on civilian communities and yet the Obama Administration continues selling it weapons. This arms deal is bad for the people of Yemen, bad for the region and bad for U.S. foreign policy. President Obama should cancel it immediately,” Berry added.

On the Senate floor, Sen. Chris Murphy argued that the situation in Yemen, in addition to being an "ongoing humanitarian disaster," has also provided an opportunity for al-Qaeda and ISIS to "grow by leaps and bounds."

"But the scope of this disaster for the purposes of U.S. national security interests is not just the radicalization of the Yemeni people against the United States, it's not just the thousands of people that have been killed, but the fact that this war has given, has given ground, an opportunity, for al-Qaeda and ISIS to grow, grow by leaps and bounds," Murphy said this morning, prior to the vote, on the Senate floor.

Following the results of the vote, Murphy said he was pleased about the message that the vote sent, regardless of the results.

"Never before have so many Senators gone on record supporting a rethink of the US-Saudi relationship. Didn't win, but a strong message," Murphy said on Twitter, adding, "Lots of Senators who voted for the sale mentioned to me how good it felt to be openly debating foreign policy in the Senate again."

Sen. Rand Paul echoed Murphy's sentiments in a tweet, saying, "Today we didn't just debate Obama's $1.15 billion Saudi arms deal, we debated constitutional principles and war."

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) --  The United States and Russia announced a Syria cease-fire deal Sept. 9. It officially took effect Sept. 12 and was supposed to be expanded on after an initial seven-day period.

It collapsed on Monday, exactly a week after it started.

How the Deal Fell Apart

It was the moment of truth for the feeble week-long ceasefire in Syria, and it went up in flames.

A humanitarian aid convoy of 31 trucks carrying water, food, sanitation and hygiene supplies for 78,000 people in opposition-held Aleppo came under attack in a prolonged airstrike Monday night, killing about 20 people, according to Physicians for Human Rights, and destroying 18 trucks.

The unimpeded delivery of aid was a linchpin of the cease-fire deal brokered by the United States and Russia on Sept. 9. It was the last of the three pillars of the deal that still had a standing chance.

 The United States blamed Russia for the attack. Russia denied any involvement, advancing a series of increasingly implausible scenarios, including that the convoy caught fire on its own, and that a U.S. drone was to blame.

A U.S. official said there were no U.S. aircraft flying in the area. Despite their sparring, both powers maintained that the deal still stood.

The attack on the aid convoy marked the beginning of a re-escalation of aerial bombardment and artillery shelling, mainly by the Syrian regime and its backers, that lasted well into the Tuesday morning.

“We died a thousand times over last night,” a resident of East Aleppo City said Tuesday morning, telling ABC News the attacks hadn’t relented for over eight hours.

Attacks by the Syrian regime and its allies were also reported in other areas of Syria. Russia, meanwhile, reported a renewed offensive by the armed opposition factions in Aleppo province.

One other major incident happened during the initial seven-day period. On Saturday, the U.S.-led coalition mistakenly bombed what appeared to be a unit of the Syrian Arab Army, killing 62 and wounding 100. The United States acknowledged the mistake and apologized, though Russia still convened an emergency session of the United Nations Security Council to discuss the matter.

Why Is a Cease-Fire in Syria Important to the US?

 A day after Aleppo awoke to aid in ashes, diplomats in New York convened at the United Nations to hold more talks about the situation.

“This is a moment of truth,” U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry told a U.N. Security Council meeting on Syria today in a searing speech. “If we allow spoilers to choose the path for us – the path of escalation … then make no mistake … the next time we convene here, we’re going to be facing a Middle East with even more refugees, with more dead, with more displaced, with more extremists, and more suffering on an even greater scale.”

The United States and Russia have agreed on four different international agreements to halt the fighting in Syria so far, and all have failed.

“It’s important for the U.S. that the cessation of hostilities holds in Syria because we have U.S. troops there; we can’t get them home until the conflict is stabilized,” said Robert Ford, a former U.S. ambassador to Syria. “And the conflict in Syria has spawned ISIS terror attacks in Europe, our most important ally.”

How Likely Was the Cease-Fire to Last?

For many, this agreement was dead on arrival.

“It was inherently flawed because it didn’t have an enforcement mechanism,” according to Emile Hokayem, senior fellow for Middle East Security at the International Institute for Strategic Studies.

The agreement hinged on three main components: The Syrian government air force was to stop flying over the entire Syrian territory except for well-defined areas where terror-designated groups, ISIS and former al-Qaeda-affiliate Jabhat Fateh al Sham (JFS) operated; humanitarian aid delivery would be unimpeded; and armed opposition factions were to disassociate themselves from JFS. None of these commitments were honored.

During the initial seven-day cease-fire period, shelling and airstrikes continued though they had diminished, humanitarian aid convoys were blocked for the duration and the armed opposition factions did not make moves to distance themselves from JFS. Some went as far as declaring their solidarity with the terror-designated group.

This has been the main Russian complaint about the implementation of the deal. “The Russian-American agreement emphasizes that the key priority is the disassociation of the opposition groups of terrorists from ISIS and Nusra [the former name of JFS],” Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said at the U.N. Security Council.

Analysts cast doubt over the ability of the United States to persuade armed opposition factions to stop working with JFS, a group that has emerged as the most reliable and well-equipped fighting force on the ground.

“The U.S. and the U.N. have lost a lot of credibility in Aleppo,” Hokayem, of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, said. “They were unable to prevent the siege of the city and those who broke it were the Islamist and jihadist factions, including JFS.”

The Syrian opposition feels as though it is backed into a corner.

“The international community has still not provided any guarantees that if the armed opposition factions reorganized along these lines, that the Assad regime and its allies won’t take advantage of the situation to advance militarily on the ground,” according to Basma Kodmani, a member of the Syrian opposition High Negotiation Committee who is currently in New York.

What Happens Next?

In a bid to salvage the cease-fire deal, the United States is reiterating the call for an immediate grounding of the Syrian air force accused by the United States and the U.N. of dropping unguided and deadly barrel bombs on civilians and targeting hospitals and first responders. It is also asking, along with the U.N., for the immediate unimpeded delivery of humanitarian aid to all besieged and hard to reach areas in Syria.

The likelihood of solving the Syrian conflict before the inauguration of a new U.S. president in January seems highly unlikely, though, as a durable, sustainable cease-fire looks more elusive than ever.

The Syrian government quickly rejected the idea of grounding its air force and maintained that it was not impeding humanitarian aid deliveries.

In the meantime, the various warring parties in Syria -- both Syrian factions and foreign countries including Russia, Iran and Turkey -- look set to push on with their own agendas.

“The various actors in Syria are using the current situation to consolidate their positions and, if possible, expand their leverage,” including NATO-member Turkey, Ford, the former U.S. ambassador to Syria, said.

Turkey recently launched a ground operation into Syrian territory that it said aimed to fight ISIS, though observers noted that the main areas in which it is operating was territory recently consolidated by the YPG, a Kurdish militant group backed by the United States but affiliated with the terror-designated Kurdish separatist PKK militant group that has been in conflict with Turkey for decades.

The United Nations estimates that well over 300,000 Syrians have been killed since the start of the uprising in 2011, about 10 million have been displaced and 1 million live under siege with an additional 4.5 million in hard to reach areas.

Since 2011, Physicians for Human Rights has documented 382 attacks against 269 medical facilities – 90 percent of those attacks were carried out by Syrian government forces or their Russian allies.

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