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royaltystockphoto/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Colorectal cancer rates have been rising sharply in younger adults even as the rate for the population as a whole has dropped, according to a study published on Tuesday in the Journal
of the National Cancer Institute.

While rates of colon cancer dropped for people 55 and older from the mid-1980's to 2013, the researchers found the risk of a younger adult developing the disease rose 2.4 percent per year in adults
in their twenties and by 1 percent per year in adults in their thirties.

By the mid-1990s, rates were also increasing 1.3 percent per year in adults in their forties and 0.5 percent for adults between the ages of 50 and 54.

Dr. Jordan Berlin, co-leader of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Program at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, said the upwards trend among young people has been seen in recent studies but
that the new study was still surprising.

"It's an interesting study because the rise in the youth comes with a fall in other ages," said Berlin, who was not involved in the study.

For rectal cancer, the increase was even more striking. Incidence of rectal cancer in people in their twenties rose by 3.2 percent per year from 1974 to 2013. From 1980 to 2013, the incidence of
rectal cancer for people in their thirties also increased 3.2 percent per year. For people in their forties and fifties, the rates of rectal cancer increased 2.3 percent starting in 1996, the study
found.

Researchers from the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute looked at colorectal cancer rates from 1974 to 2013 using data from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance,
Epidemiology and End Results Program. They found 490,305 patients over the age of 20 were diagnosed with colorectal cancers from 1974 to 2013.

Despite these upticks among people under the age of 55, overall the rates of colorectal cancers have been dropping for decades, with the pace accelerating to a 3 percent drop annually from 2003 to
2012, the study found. The lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancers remains small at approximately 4.4 percent, according to the National Cancer Institute.

With a third of rectal cancer patients under the age of 55, the study authors question if the medical community should consider screening before age 50.

Researchers did not specifically study possible reasons why the colorectal cancer rate has increased so dramatically in younger adults.

Understanding this increase in cancer rate will take much more research, Berlin said. While increased screening for those over 50 may mean catching potential pre-cancerous polyps before they become
cancerous, Berlin said much more study will need to be done to understand why there has been such a significant increase.

"One would have to think that lifestyle may play a role," Berlin said, positing that a more sedentary lifestyle and obesity increase risk of cancer.

In addition, understanding how our current diet -- often high in saturates fats, sugars and grains -- can affect cancer risk may be key in understanding the rise in colorectal cancer rates among
younger adults, Berlin said.

"Our diet, which would be considered a Western diet, has a higher risk for colon cancer," Berlin said. "We have certainly changed our diet from the 1950's to 1990's."

However, the increase in colorectal cancer risks should not make younger people feel overly fearful, Berlin said, noting that there are key symptoms that could signal something is wrong and lead a
person to talk to their doctor.

One tip-off is "if your bowel habits change and stay consistently changed," Berlin said.

Additionally, blood in the stool, abdominal pain, narrowing of the stools, and for men, developing anemia, are also all possible indicators of colorectal cancer, he said.

The new study adds to a growing body of evidence about the risk of colorectal cancer among younger adults, which could impact current screening guidelines, Berlin said.

Current guidelines advise people without other risk factors to start colonoscopies every 10 years at age 50. The risk of a young person developing colorectal cancer remains overall very low. A 50-
year-old man is nearly 10 times as likely to develop colorectal cancer over a decade compared to a 30 year man, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

"The most important question is do we need to screen sooner," Berlin said.

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Footsicle/iStock/Thinkstock(MILFORD, Va.) -- A toddler and his mom will be making memories this year as one teen's special senior prom guests.

Taylor Schafer, 17, a student at Caroline High School in Milford, Virginia, invited Finn Blumenthal, 2, to accompany her to the dance on April 21.

Finn was born with a congenital heart defect, which causes life-threatening medical challenges, his mother Kelly Blumenthal of Fredericksburg told ABC News.

"He'll have the memory, so if he is hospitalized in the future we can say, 'Hey, you did go to a senior prom.'" she said.

"It's a dream come true because as a parent with a medically-challenged child, we don't know what the future holds and I dream of things like this," Blumenthal added. "I want him to go to prom,
have a family, go to college [but] I can't tell the future. The fact that I can check this off the list no matter what is a relief. I can't repay her for that."

When Finn was born, he survived 10 surgeries, including three procedures on his heart.

Although he's spent most of his life in and out of the hospital, Blumenthal, a mom of two, said Finn is resilient.

"He is not sad that he has heart disease, it does not bother him at all," she said. "Whether it's climbing stuff or catching up with his brother pulling a red wagon, he wants to do it. He loves
being around people, especially children."

Last October, Blumenthal said she met high school teen Taylor Schafer through a mutual acquaintance.

Schafer began following Finn's story on Facebook and later reached out to Blumenthal, asking if she and Finn could be her special guests at prom.

On Monday, Schafer officially invited Finn to prom with a marquee message at the local Chick-fil-A in Fredericksburg. The restaurant staff knows the Blumenthals and often holds fundraisers to raise
money for Finn's medical bills, as well as the American Heart Association, assistant marketing director Nicole Robyn told ABC News.

"Because of our close relationship with the Blumenthal family, we were thrilled to get to be a part of this really sweet, inspirational story," Robyn said.

Anna Swink, Taylor Schafer's mother, told ABC News that she's "very proud" of her daughter's kind gesture.

"I think it’s amazing," said Swink, a Caroline County resident. "She's got a big heart and I always knew she wanted to do something like this. She loves children. When she found Finn, she started
following him and just fell in love with him."

On April 21, Finn will wear a James Bond-esque black tuxedo to prom, his mom said. Flowers and a limo have been donated from local businesses.

"I'm excited to go to prom with Finn because I know he will have a great time dancing and seeing everyone there," Taylor Schafer wrote to ABC News. "I feel that taking Finn to prom will [raise]
awareness for CHD and seeing him do all the things that most children with CHD cannot do will be just amazing. He had so many limits on what he was allowed to do in the past and seeing him overcome
those limits [is] wonderful."

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Reshad family photo(PORTLAND, Ore.) -- An Iranian infant who was delayed in entering the U.S. due to the recent travel ban has successfully undergone heart surgery to fix a genetic defect, hospital officials said.

Fatehmeh Reshad, a 4-month-old infant from Iran, arrived in the U.S. to undergo tests and treatment earlier this month to fix a genetic heart defect, according to officials at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU). The infant was born with a condition where two main arteries are reversed.

Fatemeh had been scheduled to arrive for treatment and heart surgery on Feb. 5 because there was no hospital in Iran that provided the complex operation that would save her life. The infant and her parents had been working with lawyers and other officials when President Trump's executive order was implemented, which temporarily banned most travelers from seven majority-Muslim nations.

The family arrived on Feb. 7 after working with the Department of Homeland Security, according to the family's attorney Jennifer Morrissey. And while the delay was only two days, her medical condition made the delay serious, Morrissey said.

Fatehmeh underwent surgery on Friday and is currently recovering, said Dr. Laurie Armsby, associate professor of pediatrics and interim head of the division of pediatric cardiology at OSHU's Doernbecher Children's Hospital.

"She's in the ICU and recovering as we would hope she would," Armsby said at a news conference on Monday. "Her heart function looks beautiful, so, we're very pleased with how she's recovering."

Armsby said the family did not want details of the surgery or Fatemeh's current condition released to the public.

Sam Taghizadeh, Fatemeh's uncle, said it felt like "a miracle" to get Fatemeh and her parents in the U.S. for surgery.

"In the beginning, I didn't have any hope about my family coming here," Taghizadeh said during Monday's news conference. "I said, 'Who is going to listen to me?' ... I was surprised how the people in the U.S. helped."

Morrissey said Fatemeh's family was informed of the cancellation of Jan. 27, when the travel ban was announced.

"The delay was just a few days, but obviously every day was critical given her medical condition," Morrissey said at Monday's news conference.

Taghizadeh, who lives in Oregon, said so many people reached out to help that Fatemeh's parents couldn't believe the strangers weren't friends of Taghizadeh.

"They asked me, 'Why these people [helping us]?" Taghizadeh said. "They couldn't believe it."

Taghizadeh also thanked the many people -- including lawyers, lawmakers and doctors -- who helped to get Fatemeh in the country for medical treatment.

"English is a second language for me and I couldn't find the words to say thank you," he said.

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Courtesy Beth McGinn(ARLINGTON, Va.) — One Virginia family hopes to bring attention to a rare disease that may cause paralysis or even death for their 9-year-old daughter.

Ellie McGinn suffers from a rare genetic disorder that affects both her brain and spinal cord. Her mother, Beth McGinn, of Arlington, Virginia, realized something was wrong with her daughter when she was a toddler.

"I started to notice her balance wasn't really good. I brought it up with the pediatrician," McGinn told ABC News. "At age 3 she would complain about pain in her feet...that's when I started to kind of panic."

After seeing a series of specialists, Ellie was given a diagnosis of Leukoencephalopathy with Brainstem and Spinal Cord Involvement and Lactate Elevation (LBSL). The rare genetic disorder affects the brain and spinal cord and is caused by a genetic mutation. As a result, it can lead to abnormalities of white matter in the brain and high levels of a substance called lactate. Symptoms include difficulty moving arms or legs, epilepsy, speech problems and in severe cases, early death. Many children with the disease end up being wheelchair bound by their teens. There is no cure for the disease.

Ellie's symptoms include a tremor and weakness in her leg. She wears a helmet to school to prevent seizures, according to her mother.

"She's a very sweet soul," McGinn said. "She wants to be a veterinarian...she's the joy of our life."

Determined to find a better way to fight the disease, the McGinn family started the "Cure for Ellie" charity organization in 2013 to raise awareness and money for the mitochondrial disease. They started the organization after Ellie started to improve after treatments at the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, Maryland.

"I thought, let's raise money until a cure comes along and then we became a place for people to go after [a diagnosis]," said McGinn. "That's actually been one of the greatest things."

The McGinn family is planning a new initiative to bring attention to Ellie's disease by "renaming" the disease to something more manageable "like ALS is Lou Gehrig's disease," McGinn explained. To come up with a new name, the McGinns started the "Ellie Challenge," where over a period of weeks, anyone could submit a new name for the disease as long as they managed to correctly pronounce "Leukoencephalopathy with Brainstem and Spinal Cord Involvement and Lactate Elevation."

After getting dozens of submissions, Ellie and her sister picked their favorite: "awesome disease." The name won't officially replace the current one, but McGinn hopes it can become a popular alternative.

"We're going to put it on our website and I know our doctors said they would use it and the other patients who participated are on board," McGinn said.

Ellie's condition is so rare that just about 100 people are known to have the disease, according to one of her physicians, Dr. Ali Fatemi, director for the Division of Neurogenetics and Moser Center for Leukodystrophies, at the Kennedy Krieger Institute.

"I would think it's probably around 1 in 200,000" people who develop the disease, Fatemi told ABC News. He clarified that some patients likely have milder versions that aren't diagnosed or are misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis. "I'd say that's a very rough guess."

Fatemi said it is a struggle to bring attention to confusing and rare diseases like LBSL.

"The name is difficult," he explained. "LBSL...most doctors have no clue, they've never heard of it."

Some of the funds raised by the Cure for Ellie organization have gone to Fatemi and the Kennedy Krieger Institute.

McGinn said she hopes the name change spurs people to learn about the disease.

"We're trying to create a sense of community," McGinn said. "We realized it's not just about her."

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Jason LaVeris/FilmMagic(LOS ANGELES) — Shortly after winning an Oscar, actress Viola Davis, who has also won an Emmy award and a Tony award, told ABC News' Amy Robach that she sometimes feels like she has "impostor syndrome."

"It feels like my hard work has paid off but at the same time I still have the impostor, you know, syndrome," Davis said in an interview with ABC News after her big win. "I still feel like I'm going to wake up and everybody's going to see me for the hack I am.

"I still feel like when I walk on the set, I'm starting from scratch until I realize, 'OK, I do know what I'm doing, I'm human,'" Davis added.

The "impostor phenomenon," often referred to as "impostor syndrome," is a concept psychologists coined to refer to people that may feel their achievements are underserved or worry that they may be exposed as a fraud, according to a study on the phenomenon published in the International Journal of Behavioral Science.

An estimated 70 percent of people will experience at least one episode of impostor phenomenon in their lives, according to the same study. In addition, although it was initially believed to only affect professional women, research has revealed that it can actually affect both genders and a wide range of people.

Another study published in the Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development suggested that certain ethnic minority groups, including Asian Americans, may be more likely to feel like an "impostor."

Actress Emma Watson spoke out about "impostor syndrome" in an interview with Vogue UK in 2015. "When I receive recognition for my acting, I feel incredibly uncomfortable," the actress told the magazine. "I tend to turn in on myself, I feel like an impostor."

Davis told Robach that she is beginning to find peace, saying that she is taking pride in her work and realizing that "self-deprecation is not the answer to humility."

"I know I'm not the best but I'm proud of myself," Davis said. "This is the first year I've allowed myself just a little bit, to see that, to realize that, self-deprecation is not the answer to humility.

"Sometimes you can say, I deserve it, that I'm proud of myself, and move on," Davis said.


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iStock/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

An estimated 90 million Americans snore, and that can lead to their partners losing an hour of sleep every night on average.

Some studies even suggest that snoring can disrupt a marriage so much that 1 in 6 couples actually sleep in different rooms. The lack of sleep can also have more subtle effects, like increased hostility and irritability.

Here’s my take when it comes to surviving a snorer:

  • Invest in a body pillow that you can gently wedge under your partner before he or she goes to sleep.
  • Ear plugs or sleeping in another room can be necessary and can be a lifesaver.
  • If the snoring is very loud and looks like it’s associated with strange breathing or gasps for air, get a sleep study to rule out sleep apnea.

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ABC News(LAWRENCEBURG, Ky.) -- Leah Briemer was recently flipping through old family photos at her Lawrenceburg, Kentucky, home, reliving old memories. Briemer can attest that life’s best moments can’t be taken for granted.

“Our ‘Leah may not be here next year’ picture,” Briemer said, holding a photo of herself taken in 2015. “That was not a good Christmas.”

Just weeks before that photo was taken, Briemer, a widowed mother of two and a former nurse, was given what she said felt like a death sentence.

“I was diagnosed with stage 4 metastatic breast cancer,” she said. “I had about two or three weeks to live without treatment.”

Briemer was lucky. She was able to start a targeted treatment for her cancer immediately.

“I had some more scans done in February of last year and they found that I was extremely fortunate that the treatment had really worked,” she said.

It was a renewed chance at life, but the treatment is very expensive. Even though it was covered by Briemer’s health insurance under the Affordable Care Act, there’s a chance it might not be an option for her in the future.

“If I didn’t have health insurance, I wouldn’t be alive today,” she said. “I’m on an every three week regimen of medications … that’s about $40,000 a month … so I’m very concerned about the issues that are taking place right now.”

Briemer is one of the millions of Americans who are insured under the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare. Former President Obama announced in March 2016 that an estimated 20 million Americans had gained health insurance since ACA was signed into law six years ago.

But now with the new administration and a Republican-led Congress, the program could be in its last days because current lawmakers say they can come up with a better health care plan.

Much of the criticism of the ACA program are its high premiums. But Briemer’s home state of Kentucky, the land of bluegrass, bourbon, horse racing and coal mining that went for Trump this past election, has been held up as an example of Obamacare’s success.

Since the Affordable Care Act became law, there has been a startling drop in the uninsured rate in Kentucky. Some areas have gone from 20 percent to just 5 percent uninsured. Much of that is credited to the law’s Medicaid expansion, which provided some half million low-income Kentuckians with coverage since 2013.

Whitesburg, Kentucky, is a quiet town nestled in the Appalachian Mountains and close to the Virginia border – coal country. It has a population of 2,100 and a deep history of hard work and perseverance.

“Around here you keep a job and you do as they say no matter what because you’ve got to work to survive,” said Mike Taylor, a former coal truck driver.

Coal has been at the heart of the local economy for generations, but it’s also the root of health issues for many.

Taylor was diagnosed with “Black Lung,” a deadly lung disease caused by breathing in coal dust, in 2015. He is on three different inhalers and uses an oxygen tank and a nebulizer machine.

When he gained insurance through the ACA’s Medicaid expansion, he began seeking regular care at Mountain Comprehensive Health Corporation, a community clinic where his physician, Dr. Van Breeding, also happens to be his old high school classmate.

“These people need care,” said Breeding, a primary care physician. “I take care of classmates of mine everyday … people who I went to kindergarten with who are disabled now, who can’t work. So imagine you’re 55 years old and you’re worn out.”

“And these are the people who have been helped by the Affordable Care Act and these are the people who we can’t turn our backs on,” he added.

Breeding believes the ACA is crucial to the health of his community. His father was a coal miner, he said, so he is all too familiar with the toll Black Lung disease can take.

“We're seeing that it's a political war over health care and the collateral damage is the patient's health and life and the quality of life,” Breeding said. “Change the name if ‘Obamacare’ is offensive to Republicans, change the name, and call it what you will, but provide these people who are desperate, and I mean desperate, desperate for some type of health care.”

Taylor said the health insurance he has under ACA not only saved his life, but also helped his brother-in-law and his former coworkers.

“It’s a good thing to have it. The insurance,” he said. “I think they just need to reform it.”

The success of the ACA in Kentucky in due in part to robust outreach programs. Kelly Oller is one of many outreach workers dispatched across the state to educate and enroll follow Kentuckians in health insurance.

“I like helping people and then signing people up and seeing the joy on their faces when they get affordable insurance,” Oller said.

As a Trump voter, Oller is an unlikely evangelist for Obamacare. She said she has signed up more than 1,000 people in the last three and a half years. But as open enrollment for Obamacare coverage for 2017 drew to a close on Jan. 31, Oller knows its future was unclear.

Before the January deadline, Oller tried to enroll Danny Lock, who said he hadn’t had health insurance for several years and credited simple luck for having never gone to the hospital. But at the end of his application process, the ACA’s enrollment website healthcare.gov was showing he would owe premiums of almost $400 a month.

“Nobody can afford that,” Lock said.

This issue is happening not just in Kentucky but across the country. For many Americans like Lock, Obamacare premiums are simply too expensive.

“I’ve seen the hurt and disappointment of not being able to obtain insurance when his whole life he always had insurance through employment,” Oller said. “He's not able to afford signing up for coverage, and that really hurts my heart.”

Fixing the high premiums in Obamacare is one of the changes Oller was hoping for when she voted for President Trump.

“I thought he was looking to repeal it to make it better, to make it more affordable and to make premiums hopefully go down and be balanced,” she said. “I don’t know what’s going to happen now.”

So far there have been few specifics from the White House or Congress on changes coming to the health care system, leaving people anxious about the future of their coverage.

Last week, a cacophony of concerned voices around the country, from Kentucky to Arkansas to Florida, cried out at town halls, demanding answers from their Republican leaders on affordable health care options.

In Kentucky, one of the law’s most vocal critics is the state’s current governor, Matt Bevin. His predecessor, Democratic Gov. Steve Beshear, embraced the ACA. So when Bevin, a Republican businessman and retired U.S. Army captain, took office in 2015, he began focusing on dismantling the state version.

“I thought it was a disaster from the beginning. No question,” Bevin said. “One size does not fit all in anything, certainly not in something that is as critical as health care that is necessary for people to have access to.”

Bevin criticizes the high costs of Obamacare and is a staunch opponent of federal mandates. Currently, under the ACA program, people who can afford health insurance but choose not to buy it must pay a fee.

“Let's say you're a single parent and you're making $30,000 a year,” Bevin said. “[You’re] required to have health care coverage now under the Affordable Care Act. Do you really think that you can afford to pay $6,000 in after tax dollars for your health care for you and your family? No.”

Bevin said a lot of the fear from the public over losing their coverage at all is “ungrounded in reality.”

“There's nobody in America that I'm aware of, certainly no governor, Republican or Democrat, certainly nobody in the federal administration at the congressional level that I know of that is looking to make people less able to avail themselves of the health care system,” he said. “Everybody's looking for a solution.”

Bevin’s main argument echoes the voices of many Republicans in that health care should be handled at the local level, without mandates from Washington.

“I say trust the governors,” he said. “I say give control to the governors and the legislatures within each respective state.”

It’s those federal mandates that Bevin says have led to “less than desired” results in his state.

“Simply having health insurance does not make you healthier,” he said. “If you have a Medicaid card, but you can't find a doctor that will see you, how does that Medicaid card help you? You can't eat it. It's not vitamins. I'm being a little facetious. But truth be told a piece of plastic doesn't make you healthier.”

Bevin is proposing controversial changes to the state’s Medicaid expansion program. His plan includes having Medicaid start charging a small monthly premium for coverage of “able-bodied adults” -- coverage that is now mostly free -- and it would also allow the state to cut off Medicaid coverage to those who don’t pay the premium, which he called a “lockout” provision. Bevin also proposed that his plan would offer the opportunity for people to earn “credits,” which could be obtained through volunteering and could be used toward other benefits, such as dental and vision coverage.

But critics of the plan say this is yet another barrier for a population that is already struggling.

“They're barely getting by on what they do have,” Dr. Van Breeding said. “To create more barriers is going to cause them to have worse health than they have."

“We already have some of the most unhealthy people in United States in this area and a lot of it is because they're too proud to take a handout or to take free care,” Breeding continued. “And when they got insurance now they have legitimate health care, legitimate insurance. They've come in and not only come in for health problems but preventive measures.”

As the country waits for a full picture of what’s to come next, many like Leah Briemer fear they may lose the safeguards that have protected them, such as coverage for people with pre-existing conditions.

“Of course I worry about if my cancer were to come back what would happen, but now I have to add to that what would happen if I lose my health insurance,” she said. “My daughter’s 18. She’s graduating from high school. I need to be here for my daughter. Help her get through college. Help her have a wedding. See my grandchildren be born."

She went on, “When something’s working for so many people and you decide you’re going to take it away. And you say it’s horrible, it’s not working for anyone, even though it is, yeah that’s playing politics with my life and many others."

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Every year Americans adopt new diet trends, from the juicing craze to gluten-free diets, and each new fad promises health benefits such as weight loss and higher energy.

But, as specific diets become more popular, doctors wanted to assess whether they would help the one part of the body that carries the most risk for both men and women in the U.S.: the heart.

In order to get a better sense of which diets were the most heart healthy, researchers examined more than 25 peer-reviewed studies and published their findings today in a new report in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

"There is sort of mass confusion about what foods are healthy or not healthy," lead study author Dr. Andrew Freeman, Director of Cardiovascular Prevention and Wellness at National Jewish Health in Denver, Colorado, told ABC News.

"When you take the time to weigh through the data and the evidence it becomes clear," he continued. "Human beings haven’t changed all that much in the last many, many years."

Researchers from 12 institutions, including George Washington University School of Medicine and National Jewish Health, analyzed the studies —- which together included tens of thousands of participants –- in order to determine what types of foods appear, given currently available research, to help the heart.

After an in-depth review of the scientific data, researchers found the most heart-healthy diet includes foods like extra-virgin olive oil, antioxidant-rich berries, green leafy vegetables, plant-based proteins, nuts in moderation and can include lean meats. To cut down on cholesterol, the study authors suggest limiting or eliminating coconut and palm oils, which are high in saturated fatty acids, and eggs, which raise the level of cholesterol in the bloodstream.

"Dietary requirements haven’t really changed," Freeman continued. "The diet that is most cardioprotective is mostly plant based ... predominantly fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and limited amounts of animal products if any."

However, Dr. Keith Ayoob, Associate Professor of Pediatrics at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, who was not involved in the studies, says that diet issues are rarely so black and white and that doctors need to approach each patient’s diet in a more holistic manner.

"When you’re talking about dietary cholesterol, sometimes I get more concerned with the companion foods. What kind of company are those eggs keeping?" Ayoob said. "Do you eat them plain boiled, fried in butter, cooked with olive oil?"

Simply relying on advice like eating in moderation is too vague, Ayoob added, and can mean different things for different people. He said patients should be given more guidance about exactly how to eat healthy.

"I think the idea of moderation is more of a mantra," Ayoob said. "But I think we would do well to define it a little bit better."

In addition to looking at the benefits of specific foods, researchers looked for evidence that recent popular diets to limit gluten or consume vegetables and fruits via juicing were heart healthy. Researchers found that the process of juicing fruits and vegetables with pulp removal actually concentrates the sugars more, making it easier to ingest more calories than needed. Adding sweeteners such as sugar or honey also increase caloric content of juices. The researchers found that the data regarding juicing where the pulp is retained is inconclusive for determining whether it provides harm or benefit for heart health.

"There are things that you’re going to have in the whole fruit that you can’t get into the juice," said Ayoob. "Also the other side is to remember that your gut is a great juicer, it just works more slowly. Let your teeth and digestive tract do what it’s supposed to do. And the fiber in fruits and vegetables is critical to a healthy diet."

Another trendy diet that was evaluated is a gluten-free diet, which has been proven to be a good treatment for patients who have gluten-related disorders such as celiac disease, wheat allergy, and nonceliac gluten sensitivity.

But only about 1 in 141 Americans have celiac disease, according to the National Institutes of Health. However, according to a Gallup poll in 2015, one in five Americans actively tries to avoid gluten in their diets. Researchers say there is no evidence that a gluten-free diet helps with weight loss in healthy individuals and some studies even show weight gain on a gluten-free diet. Gaining weight to the point of obesity is significantly associated with increased risk of heart disease.

"Our message here is if you are gluten sensitive, allergic, or have celiac disease, you should avoid gluten," says Freeman. "Otherwise gluten is not necessarily the enemy."

The studies reviewed in the analysis published today have a few limitations: Some of the foods and trends have not been studied over as long a time as others, there can be a "complex interplay" between nutrients in individuals and the lifestyle habits of the people included may have had some effect on their heart health.

For those searching for a heart-healthy diet, Freeman has some simple advice.

"If people want to eat animal products they should limit it as much as they’re willing, especially if they have risk factors for heart disease," he said. "For my patients I try to get them to go as low as they’re willing."

Ayoob agrees with increasing fruit and vegetable intake in the general population, but cautions against telling people to strictly eliminate certain foods from their diets. "Because a diet, no matter how nutritious," he says, "is only nutritious if people stay on it."

The author of this article, Dr. Joyce Park, is a New York-based dermatologist at NYU Langone Medical Center and resident in the ABC News Medical Unit.

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Slinky Photography Studio/slinkymedia.net(NEW YORK) -- Nothing is sweeter than a sleeping baby, except when that baby is curled up inside a mold of their mom’s pregnant belly.

Amy Knowles, a photographer in New Zealand, captures these precious moments on camera.

She started offering the maternity casting photos last year and they quickly became popular.

“Maternity casting is not my idea. Body casting as an art form has been around for centuries,” Knowles, of Slinky Photography Studio, told ABC News. “I found during newborn sessions I would pose babies in bowls or other small supportive containers to replicate how comfortable and relaxed they felt when they were in the womb. It seems only natural that the shape of their mama's belly is the perfect place for them to sleep for those early days portraits.”

She said the casting process takes less than 45 minutes in total, and she can include the full torso or just the bump itself.

Then the babies are photographed anywhere from seven to 14 days after they’re born.

“At this stage they are still sleepy and happy to curl up into the sweet fetal positions you see in the images,” Knowles said.

The end result is a cuddly photo captured for the parents to enjoy forever. Knowles said some of her moms even like to hang the belly mold in their baby’s nursery.

“Pregnancy is so different for everybody and some ladies struggle to love their heavily pregnant bodies,” she said. “I know though that in just a couple of weeks, they will be back at my studio cradling their precious baby and the mother will have a new love and respect for her body and what it's been able to do.” 

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- One in five Americans may now have legal access to marijuana but a new report from the American Academy of Pediatrics says that doesn't mean they should use it.

"Marijuana is not a benign drug," the report says, "especially for teens."

It further states that teenagers' brains are still developing, and marijuana can cause "abnormal and unhealthy changes" and put them at risk for addiction, depression and psychosis.

The doctors behind the report say parents should not use the drug around their children.

Marijuana has changed in the past few decades. It's now more concentrated, increasing the risk, the academy says, of overdose and addiction.

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Erika Proctor(NEW YORK) -- Meet Darla. She's a therapy chicken, helping to educate people on treating animals more humanely.

Finn Proctor, 7, adopted the silkie chicken when she was just three weeks old from a farm. At the time, she looked very ill, Finn's mother Erika Proctor told ABC News.

"My son had found her ... looking very, very sick and he didn't want to leave without taking her home," Proctor explained.

So the Troy, Virginia, family decided to adopt Darla, who is now 2, along with two other chickens, who didn't survive.

Proctor, who is also the founder of a nonprofit organization that focuses on training therapy animals, Green Dogs Unleashed, said that after seeing how sweet Darla was, they decided to train her to be a therapy chicken.

"Darla is just so friendly, we started using her to do humane education," she explained. "We’re able to teach others about the care of animals and compassion for animals and how chickens can be pets too."

The mother of two added, "Chickens are more than food."

Proctor said that she and her son are passionate about teaching with Darla because "humane education is something that's really lacking in our school system."

"We’re able to go into schools, and camps and talk to kids about compassionate care," she added.

Adopting Darla has changed the family completely, even helping them become vegetarians.

"It's brought a whole new level of compassion. There's now 25 chickens and they all have names, they all have personalities. They're our pets," she gushed.

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Creatas/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

There’s no doubt that childbirth is one of the most miraculous abilities of the human body. But when you leave the hospital after delivery, you should expect that there are going to be some major body changes taking place.

For one thing, you’re still going to look pregnant. The skin, muscles and tissues inside your belly will still be stretched out. You may even have some broken blood vessels on your face or around your eyes.

But what about this concept of your body bouncing back? I think we need to change our paradigm here. It’s not about your body being the same, it’s about optimizing the differences. You’ve just grown a human, after all.

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ABC News(NEW YORK) -- The founder of the conservative House Freedom Caucus said the Republican Party cannot compromise on its promise to fully repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act known as Obamacare.

"We didn't tell the American people we're going to repeal it -- except we're going to keep the Medicaid expansion," Ohio Rep. Jim Jordan told ABC News chief anchor George Stephanopoulos on This Week Sunday.

"We didn't tell the American people we're going to repeal it -- except we're going to keep some of the tax increases that some are talking about. We told them we were going to repeal it and replace it with a market-centered, patient-centered plan that actually brings back affordable health insurance," Jordan said.

Stephanopoulos asked Jordan to respond to Republican Gov. John Kasich of Ohio, Jordan's home state, who appeared Sunday on CBS' "Face the Nation" and said, "I think there are some very conservative Republicans in the House who are going to say just get rid of the whole thing. And, you know, that's not acceptable when you have 20 million people, or 700,000 people in my state. Because where do the mentally ill go? Where do the drug-addicted go?"

"Sounds like he's talking about you. What's your answer to your governor?" Stephanopoulos asked Jordan.

"Remember what the American people were sold," Jordan said. "They were sold a bill of goods on this thing. I tell people, they were sold a Caribbean cruise and they got the Titanic."

Obamacare has "all these mandates, all these regulations," he continued. "If [people] don't buy it, they're going to get penalized ... That's what Americans are living under now."

Jordan said the GOP-led Congress should "put on President Trump's desk the exact same plan we put on President Obama's desk just a year and a half ago."

"And you're confident you have the votes for that?" Stephanopoulos asked.

"We better have the votes for that because that's what we told the people, and I'm confident President Trump wants to do that," Jordan said.

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WFAA(NEW YORK) --  Patrick Edmond walks about 12 miles nearly every day just to get to work.

The 52-year-old, who lives in Plano, Texas, works at a Braum's -- an ice cream shop and burger restaurant -- in McKinney, Texas. Though he usually gets a ride back home from work, he has to walk over a bridge and along several highways to get there.

Though the two-and-a half-hour commute might dishearten many, Edmond said he actually loves and appreciates the long walk. He keeps a positive spirit.

"Some people drive, some people ride bicycles -- and I happen to walk," he told ABC affiliate WFAA in Dallas. "I would love to have a car, but the car don’t make the person."

Edmond said that, during his commute, he likes to reflect and think about the people he has encountered and the experiences he has gone through.

On Feb. 18, a police officer met Edmonds and was touched by his story.

The officer encountered Edmond walking along a highway in McKinney after a caller reported seeing him and expressed concern for his safety, according to Sgt. Ana Shelley, the public information officer for the McKinney Police Department.

"The officer found him, asked if he was OK and offered him a ride," Shelley told ABC News. "Through the course of the ride, they chit-chatted a bit, and the officer was impressed with his work ethic and positive attitude despite having to walk two and a half hours to work almost every day."

 The McKinney Police Department posted about the inspirational encounter on Facebook, saying that the officer believed "everyone should know about Patrick [Edmond]."

The Facebook post has received more than 6,200 reactions and has been shared more than 1,100 times as of this afternoon.

LoEster Posey, Edmond’s aunt, told WFAA that she was shocked when she saw the post on her social media feed, because she hadn't seen Edmond in years.

Posey said that Edmond had closed himself off a few years ago after going through "a lot of hard blows in life."

"He took nobody's phone calls," Posey said.

Edmond's parents died just a few years apart, she said, and his best friend died of a drug overdose. For a while, she said, Edmond also struggled with addiction.

On Tuesday, Posey found Edmond along his walk and offered him a ride.

After years apart, the two shared an emotional reunion in Posey's car.

"I’m so proud of you, Patrick," Posey told Edmond with tears in her eyes.

Edmond told WFAA he usually does not accept many rides, but this one with his aunt was much needed.

"It’s wild. It’s humbling," he said.

 The 52-year-old was reminded that he has family just around the corner and that he's not alone, WFAA reported.

Braum's, the restaurant chain where Edmond works, told ABC News in a statement that Edmond "is a hard-working and dedicated employee" who has been with the company for almost a year.

"He always has a smile on his face and a jump in his step," Braum's said. "We cannot say enough about Patrick. His commitment to his work is remarkable and we commend him. We look forward to what the future has in store for him."

The company said it was only made aware of Edmond's commute to work, on foot, this weekend, after his story aired on a local news station.

"Once we learned about his situation, we began looking into the matter with our management team in the area," Braum's said. The company learned Edmond previously worked at a store in Plano, Texas, where he lives, but after he was offered a promotion to work at the store in McKinney, he transferred.

"During his interview for the new position, he was asked if he had reliable transportation and he informed the district manager that he did," Braum's said. "We take the health, safety and well-being of our employees seriously. So, [Edmond] was offered a chance to transfer back to a store in Plano with his promotion intact."

However, Edmond "is so excited about his new position that he has elected to continue working in McKinney," the company said.

"You just got to get up and keep going, keep walking," Edmond told WFAA.

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Steve Granitz/WireImage via Getty Images(LOS ANGELES) -- Despite being nominated for an Academy Award, Natalie Portman won't be attending the ceremony Sunday.

A rep for the actress told ABC News that the Jackie star would like to attend the show, but can't because of her pregnancy.

The Oscar winner and her husband Benjamin Millepied announced they were expecting their second child last September. They are already parents to a 5-year-old son.

"Due to my pregnancy, I am unable to attend the Independent Spirit Awards and the Academy Awards," the statement read. "I feel so lucky to be honored among my fellow nominees and wish them the most beautiful of weekends."

Portman was nominated for best lead actress for her role as Jackie Kennedy in the historical film, Jackie. In the film, she details the former first lady's life a week after the assassination of her husband, President John F. Kennedy.

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