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bwb-studio/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- As Iraqi and Kurdish fighters move in on the city of Mosul, the United Nations says it is receiving reports of the "murderous" atrocities committed by ISIS, including extrajudicial killings and summary executions against women, children and male civilians in Iraq.

The UN also said it continues to receive information that ISIS fighters are "deliberately" using civilians as human shields -- "forcing them to move to sites where ISIL fighters are based, or preventing them from leaving other places for strategic reasons."

On Saturday, ISIS fighters reportedly shot and killed three women and three girls from a village called Rufeila in the al-Qayyarah sub-district, south of Mosul. The victims were allegedly shot because they were trailing about 100 meters behind other villagers who were being forced by ISIS to relocate to another sub-district, according to the UN.

The victims, which also included four children who were injured, were lagging behind because one of the children had a disability. She was apparently among the victims who were killed.

Human rights staff in Iraq have been informed that ISIS killed 15 civilians in the Iraqi village of Safina, about 28 miles south of Mosul. The dead bodies were thrown in a river in an apparent attempt to spread terror among other residents, according to the UN. On Oct. 19, ISIS allegedly tied six civilians to a vehicle by their hands and dragged them around the village, "simply because they were related to a particular tribal leader fighting" alongside Iraqi forces.

The next day, Iraqi security forces reportedly found bodies of 70 civilians ridden with bullet holes inside houses in the Tuloul Naser Village, located about 22 miles south of Mosul. It is unclear at this point who was responsible for those killings, the UN announced.

"We very much fear that these will not be the last such reports we receive of such barbaric acts" by the terrorist group, the UN said, calling on government forces and their allies to "ensure their fighters do not take revenge on any of the civilians who escape from areas" under ISIS control and treat all suspected ISIS fighters they capture in accordance with international humanitarian law.

The UN also said it is "concerned" by "severe" measures taken by officials in the Iraqi city of Kirkuk on residents now displaced after a surprise attack from ISIS on Friday. The only option given to those who wish to stay in the city is to move into established camps, which are either "already full or very close to full," the UN said.

It could take advancing troops more than two months to liberate Mosul from ISIS control, a Kurdish military commander told ABC News last week.

"We understand that hundreds of families have now been evicted by Kurdish Security Forces, and are worried that if the evictions continue, it could significantly complicate the already alarming situation of mass displacement in the region," the UN said.

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Purestock/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has reached a record-high level, ushering in a "new era of climate reality," according to the United Nations' World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

The global average concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere reached a milestone of 400 parts per million in 2015, the first time since modern record-keeping began in 1960, according to the WMO.

In 2016, the global carbon dioxide concentration rose even higher, breaking a new record, the U.N. group added.

"The rise was fueled by El Niño, which led to droughts in tropical regions and reduced the capacity of forests and oceans to absorb carbon dioxide," Stéphane Dujarric, a spokesman for U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, told reporters on Monday.

“The year 2015 ushered in a new era of optimism and climate action with the Paris climate change agreement. But it will also make history as marking a new era of climate change reality with record high greenhouse gas concentrations,” WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas said in a statement.

“The El Niño event has disappeared. Climate change has not,” Taalas added.

#CO2 levels reach new milestone. Carbon cycle animation explains how it happened and why it matters #climatechange

— WMO | OMM (@WMO) October 24, 2016

Although carbon dioxide levels have reached 400 parts per million in the past in isolated locations and times, 2015 was the first year that the global average levels for the entire year reached the 400 parts per million mark, according to the report.

The WMO predicts that the carbon dioxide concentrations will stay above this threshold for the entirety of 2016, "and not dip below that level for many generations."

Taalas applauded the recent international agreement in Kigali, Rwanda, to phase out hydrofluorocarbons, which have been shown to eat away at the ozone layer in the atmosphere.

"[B]ut the real elephant in the room is carbon dioxide, which remains in the atmosphere for thousands of years and in the oceans for even longer. Without tackling CO2 emissions, we cannot tackle climate change and keep temperature increases to below 2°C above the pre-industrial era,” Taalas said in a statement.

New era of climate reality. For 1st time, CO2 in atmosphere averaged 400 ppm for whole world and whole year in 2015. #climatechange.

— WMO | OMM (@WMO) October 24, 2016

“It's just a milestone more than anything," Ed Dlugokencky, a researcher who monitors carbon dioxide and other atmospheric gases with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Earth System Research Laboratory, told ABC News of passing the 400 parts per million threshold. "The alarming thing is that CO2 keeps going up, and the rate of increase keeps accelerating.”

Pre-industrial levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was about 280 parts per million, Dlugokencky noted.

If we continue on the same trajectory with carbon emissions, the results would be that "it gets warmer, ocean get more acidic," Dlugokencky added.

"The tipping point that we don’t want to reach is where ocean levels rise to the point that they would inundate major coastal cities," Dlugokencky said. "The timescale for this is quite long, but to reduce emissions sufficiently we have to start acting soon."

“What we find is that approximately half the CO2 that is emitted into the atmosphere from fossil fuel combustion remains in the atmosphere, so as we emit more, the amount that stays in the atmosphere increases,” Dlugokencky added.

The carbon dioxide concentration in our atmosphere will most likely not drop below 400 parts per million in our lifetime, he noted.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Fifteen years ago this month, then-President George W. Bush responded to 9/11 by publicly placing 22 top terrorists on an FBI most wanted list. In the decade and half since, more of the original list of fugitives have been killed than caught, while several remain on the run -- including two senior al-Qaeda figures believed to now be in Syria and the current leader of the terrorist organization.

The now well-known FBI's Most Wanted Terrorists list was created when Bush strode onto a stage at the FBI's Washington headquarters on Oct. 10, 2001, and named 22 of the "most dangerous" people in the world. Many had a $5 million reward for information leading to their capture, and right at the top of the list was Osama bin Laden, worth $25 million.

"Everybody felt like, what are we doing, and what can we show people?" Thomas Pickard, who was then the FBI deputy director and was briefly its acting director, told ABC News.

He and other former senior FBI officials told ABC News that in the weeks after 9/11, officials were racing to investigate the attacks and prevent a follow-on strike and also were eager to show the American public that they were going to hold not just al-Qaeda accountable but also anyone who orchestrated acts of terrorism against U.S. citizens.

In addition to al-Qaeda members, fugitives among what Bush called "the first 22" included members of Hezbollah groups in Lebanon and Saudi Arabia wanted for attacks that killed Americans in 1985, 1996 and in 1998.

Support for Bush was high in October 2001, and the president -- only nine months on the job -- paused as he took to the lectern in a theater at FBI headquarters to a sustained round of applause from government officials gathered to hear his remarks, which were televised live. At his side were Attorney General John Ashcroft, Secretary of State Colin Powell and FBI Director Robert Mueller.

"They must be found, they will be stopped, and they will be punished," Bush said of the terrorists. "Eventually, no corner of the world will be dark enough to hide in."

His statement has been as right as wrong.

Nine of the 22 whose faces appeared on flash cards given to reporters at the FBI that day have been killed in the last 15 years -- at least four by American military airstrikes in Afghanistan or CIA drone strikes in Pakistan, according to the U.S. government. Five others were killed by other means, some still unknown.

Four have been captured. Two were nabbed by the CIA in Pakistan and remain in prison in Guantanamo Bay: 9/11 mastermind Khalid Shaikh Mohammed and Ahmed "Foopie" Ghailani, an al-Qaeda operative wanted for his role in the bombings of two U.S. embassy bombings in 1998 in East Africa.

A third, Abu Anas al-Liby, was caught by Delta Force in Libya in 2013 but died last year of liver disease before he could face trial in New York. The fourth, a Saudi Hezbollah operative who allegedly helped al-Qaeda bomb the Khobar Towers barracks for U.S. Air Force personnel in Saudi Arabia in 1996, was reportedly caught last year, though the FBI still lists him as a fugitive.

The others -- nine alleged terrorists -- remain on the loose, including three men the U.S. government would desperately like to get its hands on.

Saif al-Adel is the more prominent of the two senior al-Qaeda members now believed to be in Syria with al-Qaeda affiliate al-Nusra Front. The other is Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah. Al-Adel is a senior official on al-Qaeda's military committee who the U.S. government says was deeply involved in the devastating August 1998 twin truck bombings of the American embassies in Tanzania and Kenya, which killed hundreds of people.

Both al-Adel and Abdullah were under house arrest in Iran for more than a decade after escaping the U.S. military campaign in Afghanistan and were safe from America and its allies there. In Syria, however, they could finally face justice.

As the head of the FBI’s international terrorism operations section, Mike Rolince had a front-row seat for Bush’s 2001 announcement. While al-Qaeda leaders who relocated to Iran may have survived the 2000s, moving to Syria means they’re vulnerable to U.S. armed drones, which have been used for targeted killings of senior ISIS and al-Qaeda leaders in Syria, he said.

"If they're in Syria, that's probably a more fitting fate than a federal prison," said Rolince, who has remained active in the intelligence community since retiring from the FBI.

“Saif Adel sits above the rebranded Nusra Front in al-Qaeda's pecking order. He helps oversee al-Qaeda's global operations, mainly its role in various insurgencies, especially Syria,” said Thomas Joscelyn, an expert on the group at the Foundation for the Defense of Democracies.

Al-Adel likely travels between Syria and southern Turkey, where the U.S. intelligence community has said al-Qaeda maintains a “node” plotting attacks against the West, Joscelyn said.

The top remaining fugitive Bush named 15 years ago is Ayman al-Zawahiri, bin Laden's longtime No. 2 and the current head of al-Qaeda. The intelligence community has at times said al-Zawahiri, an Egyptian, was hiding in Afghanistan and at other times said he most likely was hiding out in a teeming Pakistani city, likely protected by current or former agents of that country’s military intelligence service.

The State Department's Rewards for Justice program, which administers cash payouts to tipsters, says the U.S. has shelled out $117 million since 2001 to 58 informants. But officials have never disclosed who received money because their personal security is guaranteed only by anonymity. None of the successful tip-driven cases it touts today by name involved al-Qaeda figures brought to justice.

Many other al-Qaeda leaders were known to the FBI in 2001 but not placed on its publicized list. Bush kept those on a sheet of paper in his Oval Office desk drawer, which he would pull out from time to time to scratch off the names of those killed in CIA drone strikes in Pakistan.

Another 22 accused terrorists have been added since the 2001 FBI list, for a total of 44 Most Wanted Terrorists publicized to date. In addition to the nine now dead from the original group, nine others placed on the list after 2001 are known to have been killed by U.S. airstrikes, such as al-Qaeda in Iraq leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, or even by fellow jihadis, as was the case with American al-Shabab commander Omar Hammami of Daphne, Alabama, who was killed by other al-Shabab fighters in Somalia.

None of those added over the past 15 years have been captured alive.

"I don't have a problem with that, with taking people out before they take your people out," said Rolince, who led the hunt for many years.

The current FBI list includes fugitives from the Abu Nidal organization, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, al-Qaeda, Hezbollah, Abu Sayyaf and Jemaa al-Islamiyya -- but none from ISIS, such as its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, despite the group's notoriety as the greatest terrorist threat to American interests, according to the Obama administration.

Back in 2001, senior officials viewed the creation of a most wanted list specifically for terrorists to be part of America's going to war against al-Qaeda and other terrorists and the FBI's difficult transformation from a reactive agency investigating terrorism after it occurred to its new top priority of preventing attacks.

"It meant we were now on the front lines in the war and that we had to prevent terrorist incidents before laws were necessarily broken. A real game changer," Rex Tomb, who ran the FBI's fugitive publicity unit and was one of the architects of the Most Wanted Terrorists list, told ABC News.

Launching the program while the ruins of the World Trade Center still smoldered, in that way, was as much a psychological statement to reassure a nation still rattled by the destruction in New York, Pennsylvania and in Washington, D.C. as much as it was a plea for the worldwide public's assistance in finding al-Qaeda's leadership in hiding, said the retired official.

"It served to reassure the American and, indeed, the Western public that our government was doing all in its power to protect citizens from those who were committed to their destruction and the disruption of Western societies," said Tomb, who served 38 years at the bureau.

Joscelyn said the mixed results over the past 15 years are hard to assess, since most of those brought to justice were the result of worldwide intelligence operations.

"I don't think it was a total waste of time, but it had only a limited impact," he said.

The Original 22: The Dead

[The information on the individuals below is based on public remarks by government officials and terrorist groups, published reports and interviews with officials involved in tracking the fugitives.]

Osama bin Laden: Though bin Laden was blamed for 9/11 the day of the attacks, the FBI officially sought his indictment and pursuit in October 2001 for the bombings of two U.S. embassies in East Africa, which killed hundreds of people. U.S. Navy SEALs killed him during a 2011 raid in Pakistan.

Muhammed Atef: Also wanted for the embassy attacks, al-Qaeda's military chief was killed in the U.S. onslaught in Afghanistan, in November 2001.

Fazul Abdullah Mohammed: A notorious leader of al-Qaeda in East Africa, Mohammed was gunned down at a police checkpoint in Somalia by transitional government troops in what was believed to have been an confrontation set up by members of the jihadi insurgent group al-Shabab, according to a report in The CTC Sentinel, published by West Point. Mohammed was wanted for his purported link to the 1998 embassy bombings.

Mustafa Mohamed Fadhil: Also wanted for the embassy attacks, Fadhil was killed in Afghanistan sometime after 9/11, which al-Qaeda confirmed years later, in 2013.

Fahid Mohammed Ally Msalam: Msalam was alleged by the U.S. to have bought the vehicles packed with explosives that targeted the embassies in the 1998 bombings. In 2009, a CIA drone killed him in Pakistan's tribal areas with a fellow most-wanted fugitive, his aide Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan.

Sheikh Ahmed Salim Swedan: Also wanted for the embassy attacks, Swedan was killed in the 2009 CIA drone strike with Msalam.

Ahmed Mohammed Hamed Ali: Ali was reported killed in 2011 by a CIA drone strike in Pakistan's tribal areas, and his most-wanted poster was removed from the Rewards for Justice website. He too was wanted in connection to the embassy bombings.

Mushin Musa Matwalli Atwab: Atwab was killed in 2006 during military operations by Pakistani forces along the border with Afghanistan. Atwab was believed to be an al-Qaeda operative linked to the embassy bombings.

Imad Mugniyah: Mugniyah was wanted for the 1985 hijacking of TWA Flight 847, in which U.S. sailor Robert Stethem was tortured and murdered. Mugniyah, said to be a founder of Lebanese Hezbollah and in the top tier of the group's leadership, was killed by a car bomb in Damascus, Syria, in 2008.

The Captured

Khalid Shaikh Mohammed: Mohammed, known as KSM, was the admitted mastermind of the 9/11 attacks. He was officially wanted for an airline bomb plot in the Philippines in 1995.

Ahmed Ibrahim al-Mughassil: Wanted for the 1996 Khobar Towers bombing in Saudi Arabia, which left 19 American airmen dead. It was al-Qaeda's last collaboration with Saudi Hezbollah, in which al-Mughassil served as military commander. He was reported captured in 2015, but the FBI still lists him as a fugitive.

Ahmed Khlfan Ghailani: The diminutive Qaeda operative known as Foopie was nabbed in Pakistan in 2004 and tried in New York in 2011 for his connection to the 1998 embassy bombings. He is serving a life sentence at the Supermax federal prison in Florence, Colorado.

Anas al-Liby: Al-Liby evaded justice for 15 years after the embassy bombings in 1998, but eventually U.S. special forces caught up to him in the streets of Tripoli, Libya, in 2013. He was sent to the U.S. to stand trial but died in New York, reportedly of liver cancer, just days before the trial was scheduled to begin.

The Ones Who Got Away, So Far

Ayman al-Zawahiri: After bin Laden's 2011 death, al-Zawahiri, an Egyptian doctor once implicated in the conspiracy to assassinate Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, rose to become al-Qaeda's top leader, where he has spoken out against ISIS while renewing the group's threats to America. He is technically wanted for his role in the 1998 embassy bombings, for which he was indicted in the U.S.

Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah: Also wanted for the embassy attacks, al-Zawahiri's fellow Egyptian is said to be in the senior leadership of al-Qaeda. He was under house arrest in Iran for more than a decade until his release last year. He is suspected to be in Syria with al-Qaeda fighters there.

Saif al-Adel: A former colonel in the Egyptian military, al-Adel is believed also to have been under house arrest in Iran, until 2010 or 2013. This year he was reported to have been sent to Syria in his role as a senior member of al-Qaeda's military committee. He is wanted for his purported role in the 1998 embassy bombings.

Hassan Izz al-Din: Al-Din, a purported Hezbollah member, is wanted for his alleged role in the hijacking of TWA 847. He remains sought by the FBI and is thought to reside in Lebanon, the bureau says.

Ali Atwa: Also wanted for TWA 847, this Hezbollah member also is thought to be in Lebanon.

Abdul Rahman Yasin: Yasin is wanted for his role in the first World Trade Center attack in 1993. The Indiana-born bombmaker was interviewed by the FBI and then returned to Iraq, where he had lived and studied. After a 2002 media interview, he vanished and was never located by the U.S. after the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

Ali Saed bin Ali al-Hoorie: Al-Hoorie is believed to be a veteran of an unprecedented collaboration between Sunni al-Qaeda and Shiite Saudi Hezbollah. He's on the run, indicted in Virginia for his alleged role in the Khobar Towers attack.

Ibrahim Salih Mohammed al-Yacoub: Also wanted for the Khobar Towers attack, al-Yacoub is considered a member of the outlaw pro-Iranian group Saudi Hezbollah.

Abdelkarim Hussein Mohamed al-Nasser: Al-Nasser was also indicted for his alleged role in the Khobar Towers attack. He remains a fugitive, with past reports suggesting his presence in Iran.

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iStock/Thinkstock(QUEENSLAND, Australia) — Four people were killed in an accident at an Australian theme park after a raft turned over on its conveyor belt.

Witnesses described the chaos after a scene in which a malfunction threw two people from the raft, and trapped others underneath it.

Investigators are trying to understand what caused the raft to turn over.

Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull spoke out Tuesday about the tragedy, calling it a "sad day."

"This is a very sad day, and we trust there will be a thorough investigation into the causes of this accident over the days to follow," Turnbull told reporters.

ABC Breaking News | Latest News Videos

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Subscribe To This Feed -- As Iraqi troops move within just a few miles of Mosul, ABC News Chief Global Affairs Correspondent Martha Raddatz got an exclusive look at some of the U.S. outposts supporting the mission to defeat ISIS.

“What we’ve seen is the enemy is really disrupted, they are on the offensive,” Maj. Gen. Gary Volesky, the commander of U.S. ground forces in Iraq, told ABC News. “They are trying to do some spoiling attacks, but they’re not working.”

Those spoiling attacks have often been carried out by ISIS militants in suicide vehicles speeding towards Iraqi and Kurdish peshmerga troops on the front lines, and in villages and towns where ISIS militants have been able to conceal themselves.

With U.S. ground forces advising and assisting, and the U.S.-led coalition conducting airstrikes from above, the Iraqis and Kurds have been able to repel the resistance, U.S. officials said.

“What’s different this time than what was here the last time when you and I were here,” Volesky told Raddatz, referring to a trip the pair made to the region in 2009, “is this isn’t the same Iraqi army. They have been trained to do a decisive action, conventional operation against conventional forces, and they are gaining confidence. You can see it.”

One of the small outposts Volesky and Raddatz visited was built only a few days ago, and is manned by less than 200 U.S. and Iraqi personnel.

Another was originally built only 3.5 kilometers from the front lines, but as the Iraqis have advanced, it is now 22 kilometers away. But the posts were built to be movable, and when the time is right, they will move to follow the Iraqi forces toward Mosul.

From these outposts, U.S. personnel conduct intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance from aircraft overhead -- information gathering that is often referred to as “eyes in the skies.” U.S. troops can also fire heavy artillery with longer ranges, such as Howitzers, which can fire 105-150 millimeter shells around 20 miles. A team firing a Howitzer said their operations have been “pretty constant” since the assault began.

But as the fight gets closer to the city, Volesky said the effort will only become more difficult.

“It’s the complexity of the environment in Mosul. You know how tight those streets are, how narrow they are. And there’s a million people there,” he told Raddatz.

The Iraqi army has been spreading word to the civilians still living in Mosul not to congregate where ISIS militants are, as those areas will likely be targeted by U.S. airstrikes. U.S. forces have received indications this week that ISIS is murdering more and more civilians who refuse to fight for them.

“The closer the Iraqis get, the better it will be for the people,” Volesky said.

As ISIS has been pushed out of the villages and towns leading into Mosul, the militants have left destruction in their wake. They have burned oil fields, leaving acrid smoke clouds hanging over huge swaths of the countryside.

“It’s really disheartening to see,” Lieutenant Col. Shawn Unbro told ABC News. “There are people that will come back here and they don’t know what they’re going to see when they come back. The only two buildings that were left standing in this village were two mosques, the only two buildings. Not a single wall anywhere else.”

For Volesky, that level of destruction underscores the importance of defeating the enemy to help Iraq regain stability. And the threat is not limited to Iraq. As ISIS fighters flee the area, U.S. forces have been vigilantly watching for them to attack elsewhere, keeping an eye on the future of this fight, Volesky said.

“Every time they lose a piece of key terrain or they get defeated, they try to lash out somewhere else to deflect people’s attention ... to show that they are still relevant, when in reality, they are losing," Volesky said.

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Mazhar Chandio/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images(QUETTA, Pakistan) -- Militants stormed a police college in Quetta, Pakistan, on Monday in a deadly attack.

More than 20 were killed and over 65 injured, according to Balochistan provincial home minister Mir Sarfaraz Ahmed Bugti, who said the numbers were expected to rise.

Bugti said three terrorists attacked the police training center in southwest Pakistan, first shooting a guard in a watchtower before entering the building. Two of the terrorists died after detonating explosive vests and the third was killed by security forces, he said.

Pakistani troops took part in an operation to stop the attack that lasted about four hours, according to Major General Sher Afgan of the Frontier Corps, and 250 recruits were rescued.

No group had claimed responsibility for the attack as of Monday night.

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Facebook/Laurent Azzopardi(VALLETTA, Malta) -- The final moments of a small plane that crashed to the ground and exploded into a fireball in Malta has been captured on a dashcam video.

The footage, posted by Facebook user Laurent Azzopardi, shows the twin-prop Fairchild Metroliner falling from the sky shortly after taking off from Malta's airport Monday morning.

"On my way to the work this morning - a very shocking experience, a plane crash," Azzopardi wrote.

Five people were killed in the crash.

The French defense ministry said the victims -- three defense ministry officials and two private contractors — had been conducting a surveillance operation. Malta's government said the flight was part of a French Customs operation tracing routes of illicit trafficking from Libya, where the plane was headed.

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iStock/Thinkstock(PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti) -- Nearly three weeks after Hurricane Matthew roared through Haiti, killing hundreds and leaving behind a trail of destruction, officials fear the nation could face a food crisis.

An estimated 1.4 million people are in need of food assistance following the hurricane on Oct. 4, according to a joint statement Monday by the government of Haiti, the Haitian National Coordination for Food Security, the U.N.'s World Food Program and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Of those, nearly 800,000 are in "dire need of immediate food aid," the statement said.

"There has been a massive loss of crops in some areas of Grand Anse [in the island nation's southern peninsula] up to a 100-percent loss, just everything is gone," Alexis Masciarelli, a World Food Program worker in Haiti told ABC News Monday. "What's striking is that all the food trees are gone, a vast majority of them. The coconuts, the bananas, the mangoes."

"Bananas usually grow back in about a year, but coconut and mangoes take years to come back," he said.

Miguel Barreto, the World Food Program's regional director said in a statement Monday, “Local products on the markets will soon be depleted and we need more funding in order to continue food distributions to help 800,000 people in need of food aid which is more than urgent,”

Three thousand metric tons of emergency food have been distributed to affected areas since Matthew, but it does not meet the country's current need, Masciarelli told ABC News.

Of the 800,000 people in urgent need of food aid, "so far we have managed to distribute food assistance to 200,000 people," he said.

The food program has had some difficulty getting food to areas hit especially hard by the hurricane, he said. "There have been attacks on conveys and very heavy rains over the last few weeks that led to very heavy floods."

He added that the attacks on convoys have been rare and have been done by "desperate and hungry people," he said.

Masciarelli said that during his first trip to the country's southern peninsula following the hurricane, "you could just see people eating whatever they could find on the ground."

In addition, many farmers in that region of the country have lost their tools, and so will not be able to plant during their traditional planting season in November, Masciarelli said.

"Before, this was an area where people were mostly self-sufficient," he said.

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iStock/Thinkstock(ALEPPO, Syria) -- Abdulkafi Alhamdo has never held a weapon in his life. But in the near future, he says, he might have to learn how to load a gun.

“Everyone inside Aleppo can be forced to carry weapons because it’s a matter of life and death,” Alhamdo, a 31-year-old teacher in the government-besieged part of Aleppo, told ABC News. “The whole world has let us down and we’re not going to wait for anyone else to defend us if we are forced to leave or be killed.”

On Monday, government forces advanced in Bazo Hill, in the southern edge of Aleppo, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights and Syrian state news agency SANA. Residents in the besieged part of the city said they heard the sound of clashes and bombs. New battles have erupted in Aleppo following a brief “humanitarian pause” declared by Russia.

Russian and Syrian officials had suggested that after the cease-fire, the Syrian and Russian armies would launch a new offensive to clear rebel-held Aleppo of the forces fighting the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. But no one left the besieged city during the Russian pause, which many locals described as a “media stunt” while humanitarian organizations said it was too short. Alhamdo said that people who decided to stay in Aleppo made that decision a long time ago and are not going to change their minds. His family lives outside Aleppo, but he says he is not going to join them because he doesn’t want to give up on the Syrian revolution.

“People sometimes ask me, ‘Wouldn’t you like a better life for your daughter?’ Yes, I would. I want her to live without fear and to live with freedom and democracy. I want her to be able to say ‘I don’t like that’ if there’s something she doesn’t like. I want that future for my daughter. If I took her and fled from Syria she might blame me and say ‘the blood of the children who died is not worth more than my blood,’” said Alhamdo, who has an 8-month-old daughter.

He added that he’d rather live with airstrikes and hunger than go back to living under the Syrian government when he risked prison for expressing his opinions.

"Yes, we might lose and yes, we might die. But even if that happens, I am sure that the revolution will come back and the next generation will remember that we didn’t give up," he declared.

Several other residents said they never considered leaving. Omair Shabaan moved from west Aleppo to the rebel-held part of the city to support people there as an aid worker and now as a media activist. He said that when the government advances it makes him less hopeful that the siege imposed on eastern Aleppo will be broken -- but that he would never leave the area.

“It’s my city and the people here are like my family,” he told ABC News. “We live under siege and destruction, but I can’t stand the idea of living under the government and if I left I might be imprisoned just for opposing it.”

Since the Syrian government launched an offensive on rebel-held Aleppo in late September, at least 500 people have been killed and 2,000 injured, with more than a quarter of all deaths being children, according to the U.N. Humanitarian organizations have criticized Russia and the Syrian government for using weapons that are banned under international law, such as cluster bombs, chemical weapons and bunker-buster bombs, in the past month. The Violations Documentation Center, which documents human rights violations in Syria, recorded 137 cluster bomb attacks in Aleppo from Sept. 10 to Oct. 10. At the same time, the people of Aleppo, are in urgent need of food, health care and clean water. The city has not received U.N. aid since early July.

“It’s time to break the siege,” Wissam Zarqa, a teacher in rebel-held Aleppo, told ABC News. “We civilians, teachers and doctors don’t have military practice. But we can pressure the Free Syrian Army to fight to break the siege and tell them that it’s their duty.”

During an emergency session of the U.N. Human Rights Council in Geneva Friday, the U.N.’s humanitarian chief said that Aleppo has become a “slaughterhouse.”

“The ancient city of Aleppo, a place of millennial civility and beauty, is today a slaughterhouse -- a gruesome locus of pain and fear, where the lifeless bodies of small children are trapped under streets of rubble and pregnant women deliberately bombed,” the U.N.’s High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein said in a speech to the council. He said that the siege and bombing of Aleppo amount to “war crimes” and that the situation there should be referred to the International Criminal Court.

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Christopher Furlong/Getty Images(CALAIS, France) — Authorities began Monday evicting immigrants from the sprawling, cramped makeshift refugee camp dubbed "The Jungle" in the northern port city of Calais, France.

Officials were scheduled to bus away about 3,000 people Monday, plus the remaining 3,500 or so by the end of the week. An estimated 1,600 migrants have been removed so far Monday, according to the BBC.

The camp opened in January of 2015, and has since raised humanitarian concerns over its squalid living conditions.

The U.K.-based aid group Help Refugees, which has workers on the ground in Calais, said in a statement that 60 buses were provided by authorities to take 3,000 people to accommodation centers across France Monday. Another 45 buses were scheduled to take 2,400 people out of the camp Tuesday, and 40 buses were slated to take 2,000 people out of Calais Wednesday.

Aid groups and the U.N. Refugee Agency are especially concerned about the hundreds of unaccompanied child migrants who they say are at risk of exploitation, trafficking and violence.

Help Refugees said in a statement Monday that 49 unaccompanied children who are younger than 13 remain at the camp, "amidst all the confusion and chaos."

Human Rights Watch said in a statement this weekend that the governments of France and the U.K. are “failing unaccompanied children in Calais.”

“The French and UK governments have a responsibility to find these children safe shelter before the camp is torn down,” Helen Griffiths, a children’s rights associate with Human Rights Watch, wrote on their website, adding that “children remain at risk of sexual exploitation, violence, and trafficking.”

Earlier this month, the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) commended France’s decision to dismantle the camp in Calais, citing "appalling" living conditions, although stressing the importance of taking into account the welfare of the camp's hundreds of unaccompanied children.

"It is also crucial to pay special attention to the estimated more than 1,200 unaccompanied or separated children in the Jungle, whose best interests have to be taken into account," UNHCR spokesman Adrian Edwards said in a statement.

"The Jungle site has been problematic for a number of years, and UNHCR has long recommended its closure,” Edwards added. “Living conditions are appalling, with the most basic shelter, inadequate hygiene facilities, poor security and a lack of basic services.”

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Courtesy Cheshire Police(CHESHIRE, England) — British police have proven that no citizen is above the law.

Cheshire Police Department officers jokingly pulled over a toddler who was riding around near their cruiser in a pink toy car. A viral photo shared on Facebook showed the officers’ pretending to administer a Breathalyzer test.

In a statement to ABC News, the police department said the little girl was pulled over in northwest England Friday for having no insurance and "veering from side to side."

"The officers were naturally suspicious, and after her parents revealed she’d had a couple of bottles that morning, they played along and pretended to take a breath test," the statement continued. "Thankfully, the tot’s reading was clear and she was free to go."

The incident was just a way for police to interact positively with the community, the statement explained.

"This was a great example of showing how officers are human and that they like to talk to all members of our society, no matter how old they are," the statement read.

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DENIS CHARLET/AFP/Getty Images(CALAIS, France) -- A migrant camp known as "The Jungle" near Calais, northern France, is set to be demolished starting Monday.

Authorities are preparing for some of the estimated 7,000 migrants to refuse to leave as they are forced to decide between seeking asylum in France, or returning to their country of origin.

Many of the migrants do not want to stay in France and dream of getting to the U.K. The U.K. has already started to accept some of the migrant camp's 1,300 unaccompanied children, BBC reports.

On Saturday, a small group of migrants reportedly threw bottles and stones in protest at French officers at the camp, and police retaliated with smoke grenades, according to BBC.

Authorities in France said they did not want to use force against those who refuse to leave the camp, according to BBC, but may intervene if necessary.

Thousands of leaflets were handed out by French authorities at the camp this weekend explaining the plans for the evacuation, and where to report for some 60 buses that will take them away, BBC reports.

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iStock/Thinkstock(ARCAHAIE, Haiti) -- Authorities in Haiti are working to capture dozens of inmates after a mass prison breakout in Arcahaie, north of Port-au-Prince, on Saturday.

At least 10 prisoners were caught as of Sunday night out of some 170 inmates who escaped, according to BBC.

Haiti Justice Minister Camille Edouard Junior told Haitian newspaper Le Nouvelliste the alleged mastermind was Yvener Carelus, a convicted kidnapper who was one of the men captured, BBC reports.

"He planned the escape from the inside with a few accomplices,'' the justice minister said.

The inmates reportedly attacked guards, stole their firearms and shot authorities as they escaped, BBC reports.

According to BBC, the inmates at Arcahaie do not wear prion uniforms, making it more difficult for authorities in Haiti to track down the escapees.

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iStock/Thinkstock(MOSUL, Iraq) -- Intense fighting is underway near Mosul as Iraqi and Kurdish forces continue to liberate more villages from ISIS in an operation expected to last months.

The 30,000 fighters are closing in on ISIS's largest stronghold, with the help of airpower, artillery and ground troops from the U.S., but more than 1 million civilians remain under the terror group's control in Mosul.

U.S. Defense Secretary Ash Carter said Sunday the mission was dangerous, but vital.

"Make no mistake, whether they're flying airplanes overhead or whether they're advising units on the ground, even behind the front lines they are at risk," he said.

Carter said it was important for everyone to understand that the mission had to be done.

The Iraqi and Kurdish forces have faced fierce resistance from ISIS, which is why the operation will take months, a senior U.S. official told ABC News. The official added that Iraq would be broken for "50-100 years" with "tremendous problems every single day."

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) --  The massive battle to liberate Iraq’s second largest city from ISIS entered its sixth day amid reports that the terrorist group had taken hundreds of civilians captive to use as human shields.

As Iraqi-led forces advance toward Mosul, the last major stronghold of ISIS in Iraq, the United Nations said it is “gravely worried” about reports that the Islamic State group, also known as ISIS or ISIL, is holding some 550 families for use as human shields.

U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein also said his office will be investigating reports of ISIS executing at least 40 civilians in one of the villages outside Mosul.

“There is a grave danger that ISIL fighters will not only use such vulnerable people as human shields but may opt to kill them rather than see them liberated,” he said in a statement. “We know ISIL has no regard for human life, which is why it is incumbent upon the Iraqi Government to do its utmost to protect civilians.”

The Iraqi-led coalition moving toward Mosul have encountered booby traps, roadside bombs and trenches filled with oil that ISIS set ablaze to provide smoke cover for its fighters. Dramatic images from the area show thick black smoke rising from torched oil fields and billowing into the sky over Mosul and surrounding towns.

 ISIS has also torched sulfur stocks at an industrial plant south of Mosul, sending plumes of toxic smoke into the air and over a base where U.S. military advisers are stationed. There have been no reports of hospitalizations so far, though some military oops have donned gas masks as a precaution. Iraqi officials estimate it will take at least two to three days to contain the burning sulfur fire, according to the U.S. military official.

By Saturday, the Iraqi army had pushed into Qaraqosh, also known as Hamdaniyah and Bakhdida, and raised its flag over the northern town some 20 miles southeast Mosul. Fewer than 200 ISIS fighters in the town, the official said.Further south, some skirmishes continued a day after ISIS fighters launched a massive attack in and around the city of Kirkuk.

U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter made an unannounced stop in the capital of Baghdad on Saturday for an update on the offensive to retake Mosul, which the United States is supporting with airstrikes and about 100 to 200 military advisers on the ground.

A U.S. military official in Baghdad confirmed that Iraqi special forces had isolated the town of Qaraqosh and launched an assault there on Saturday.

Further north, the official said, Iraqi Kurdish forces known as peshmerga had pushed forward, enabling the Iraqi army to move along their axis of advance.

The operation began Monday with about 18,000 Iraqi forces, 10,000 Kurdish forces known as peshmerga and a few thousand Iraqi federal police leading the effort to free the strategic city of Mosul from more than two years of ISIS rule. American advisers are also involved in the mission that is operating on two fronts -- one west of the Great Zab River and the other just north of Qayyarah.

An American service member was killed by a roadside bomb northeast of Mosul on Thursday, marking the first U.S. casualty in the region since the operation began. The U.S. Defense Department has identified the fallen service member as Navy Chief Petty Officer Jason C. Finan, 34, of Anaheim, California. Finan, who belonged to an explosive-ordnance disposal unit, was serving alongside Iraqi troops as an adviser.

Finan was traveling with members of Iraq's special forces in an armored vehicle when it struck an improvised explosive device and the vehicle rolled over. Finan was flown to the Kurdish capital of Erbil for treatment where he died from his injuries, according to a defense official.

 Iraqi special forces joined the fight for Mosul on the fourth day of the operation. Iraqi army Maj. Gen. Maan al-Saadi said Thursday the elite troops, also known as counterterrorism forces, advanced on the town of Bartella, some 13 miles east of Mosul, with the aid of U.S.-led coalition airstrikes and heavy artillery. By Saturday, a U.S. military official said the Iraqi special forces were working to clear out Bartella.

The Iraqi counterterrorism unit is expected to lead the way into Mosul. Although officials have said the fight to take back the strategic city could take weeks or months, Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Alabadi said Thursday the operation was advancing “more quickly” than expected.

As the fighting intensifies, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) warned that an “unprecedented humanitarian crisis” looms as up to a million civilians are expected to flee Mosul in the coming days and weeks.

“The challenges in this scenario are unprecedented. We don’t often have up to one million people potentially on the move; it’s very rare in scale and size,” said UNICEF regional emergency adviser Bastien Vigneau.

At least 200,000 people are expected to be displaced in the first two weeks of the operation to free Mosul and as many as 1.5 million civilians are estimated to remain in the city. Of the 1 million who could become displaced, approximately half are children.

According to a U.S. military official, there were at least 2,500 people in displacement camps as of Saturday.

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