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Nichole Brooks(DALLAS) -- A mom who made the decision to shave her toddler's head as he undergoes chemotherapy for cancer treatment shared her powerful photos to Facebook.

And though it was a difficult process, Nichole Brooks took great comfort in what happened when her 2.5-year-old son Wyatt looked in the mirror and saw himself hairless for the first time.

Wyatt, who communicates primarily though sign language, signed the word, "Beautiful."

"We knew from the beginning we would shave Wyatt's hair before chemo took it away," Brooks told "Good Morning America." The doctors told us hair loss usually begins by week two. On day six of treatment I found small amounts of hair on his pillow. I knew it was time."

On June 2, the Brooks family -- Nichole, her husband Colin, their two daughters and Wyatt were at the beach. When they arrived home that day, Brooks said she "noticed Wyatt had a full-body rash, random and unexplainable bruises and his eyes were very bloodshot."

After a series of tests in the emergency room that day, leukemia was the diagnosis. Wyatt is now being treated at Children's Medical Center in Dallas.

It was last week that Wyatt had his haircut. Brooks arranged for a nurse to do the cut in his room.

"Wyatt sat on my lap and we were in a sheet to catch the hair as it fell," she said. "He has never liked haircuts and this was no exception. I cuddled and kissed his cheeks. We both cried but as soon as the clippers were turned off he looked up at me and smiled."

It was then that Wyatt looked in the mirror and told his mother he was "beautiful." It's a word, his mom said, that he often uses to describe himself and others.

Daily lab tests show the chemo is "doing it's job," Brooks said. But as a result, the toddler has lost his ability to walk and stand because of pain and muscle weakness.

Still, his mom called the prognosis "promising." Children with Down syndrome, which Wyatt has, tend to respond very well to chemotherapy, his mom said.

"Looking too far ahead is overwhelming and scary so we choose to soak up every hug, every kiss and every cuddle while supporting him through each test, medication and therapy."

The decision to shave Wyatt's head gave the family power in a situation where there is very little.

"For us, shaving his head meant we had control over something that would inevitably happen on its own. We decided cancer would not take his hair away, instead we would shave it as an act of courage and bravery. The baldness is now part of his armor. He is a warrior ready for battle."

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- If you need another reason to avoid parties, consider this finding from the U.K. show Food Unwrapped: you can get a nasty stomach bug, and even herpes, from party dip.

While the scourge of double-dipping came to the fore thanks to that famous Seinfeld moment, scientists on Food Unwrapped noted that norovirus -- which can give you projectile vomiting and uncontrollable diarrhea -- can lurk in your favorite dips, as well as the nasty streptococcus bug, and yes, even herpes simplex.

Meaning thanks to the trace amounts of an infected person's saliva in the dip -- thanks to nasty double-dippers -- you can leave the party with the start of strep throat and even a cold sore.

What's more, the runnier the dip, the more chance the bacteria have to spread, reports the Daily Mail, which recapped the Food Unwrapped episode. For this reason, sour cream fared the worse in the show's tests, especially when left unrefrigerated, which allows bacteria to multiply.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- With the shocking deaths of Kate Spade and Anthony Bourdain still fresh in our minds and dramatic new statistics showing suicides on the rise, we’re all grappling with how pervasive and devastating suicide is.

Around 1.4 million in the United States alone are estimated to attempt suicide every year. Someone in your life could be struggling right now and you may not even realize it, experts say.

Behind the statistics of suicide are real people, survivors, who struggled in their darkest days and was able to break through, emerging with a story of resiliency and hope.

“They’ve been there and they’ve made it out alive,” said Stacey Freedenthal, a psychotherapist and educator in Denver who is a suicide attempt survivor.

“They are people who were on the edge of death and then go on and continue living,” she said. “I find that very hopeful.”

Anyone in crisis, or who knows someone in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or contact the Crisis Text Line by texting TALK to 741-741.

Here are four people from across the country who shared with "Good Morning America" their personal journeys to shed light on the darkness.

At a career high, woman who seemingly had it all thought about suicide 'constantly'

Kelechi Ubozoh, 32-year-old from Oakland, California

When we lose people who seemingly have everything, it can be very scary. I know first-hand that appearances can be deceiving.

Right before my suicide attempt, I looked like I had it all. A job in my field, a good relationship, and the first undergraduate published in The New York Times. I also thought about killing myself constantly.

Why didn’t I reach out to anyone? Well, the truth is that I had. I quietly tried to share that I was struggling, but instead of help, I was told that I was selfish, being dramatic, and needed to pray. None of these messages was helpful. I felt like a burden and learned to hide my pain and pretend. After a sexual assault, the years of stuffing down my feelings eventually erupted into a suicide attempt.

Healing looks different for everyone, but for me it was connecting with the feelings I had avoided, developing boundaries, trauma-informed therapy, mental health advocacy, and removing toxic people from my life. I’ve built a safety net of family and friends to catch me when I fall.

When someone is physically sick, we know exactly what to do. We bring casseroles, send flowers and cards, and think about what someone who is in pain needs. I don’t think it should be any different for folks who are feeling suicidal. Personally, I need connection and to interrupt the isolation and negative thoughts in my head.

So, please be good to each other. Check on your strong friends who have it together, and your friends who are “too busy” and disappeared. If we can create a world where the stigma of suicide is decreased so people speak out when they are in pain, maybe we can prevent anyone else from dying.

12 years later, suicidal thoughts remain but response is different

Dese'Rae L. Stage, 35-year-old from Philadelphia


I lost a friend to suicide for the first time when I was 15. I was already having suicidal thoughts, but losing Bryan took my abstract suffering and made suicide suddenly very real to me.

Over the next few years, I continued to struggle with those thoughts, and with self-injury, both anchored down by a deep depression. I questioned my sexuality and I was outed against my will.

I went away to college and failed my first semester. That was the first time anyone suggested that I might need to see a doctor. Prior to that, what I was feeling was labeled “teenage angst,” and I was told to get over it. This began a years-long journey with therapists, psychiatrists, and medications —- none of which worked -- and I had a hard time staying the course.

When I was 23, at the end of an emotionally and physically abusive relationship, after two years of being deeply suicidal, I tried to take my life. I couldn’t sleep. I couldn’t eat. I was codependent and couldn’t tear myself away from this relationship that was so terrible for me. I was convinced I was crazy, and a burden, and that everyone hated me. I couldn’t feel anything but hurt, like I was burning from the inside out. I couldn’t see a future for myself, even though I’d just been accepted to a Ph.D. program.

Ending it seemed like the only way to make the pain stop.

This month will be 12 years since my suicide attempt. I created a career I love out of thin air. I have an incredible wife and a new son. We own a house on a block we love. I have a wonderful therapist and feel more mentally healthy than I ever have.

And I still struggle with suicidal thoughts. The difference now is that I have better coping skills, I have an amazing support system, and I know how to ask for help when I need it.

Deep depression leads to teenage suicide attempt

Kelley Clink, 38-year-old from Chicago

I was sixteen when I attempted suicide.

I’d fallen into a deep depression after moving across the country with my family, and there was a voice in my head telling me I was worthless.

It said no one loved me. That I was weak. Sick. Broken. Wrong. It said I didn’t belong. That I had nothing to give. It told me I was a burden on the people I loved. That my sick, weak, broken self was infecting everyone else. Ruining their lives. It said nothing would ever get better. And it was so loud I couldn’t hear anything else.

I’d love to tell you that a hospital stay, some medication, and a couple therapy sessions silenced the voice, but that wouldn’t be true. I did all those things, of course, and more.

And slowly, over many years, things did get better. I got better. I danced with my friends. I sang karaoke. I swam in two oceans. I learned Spanish (and forgot it). I learned the guitar (and forgot that, too.) I earned a master’s degree. I got married. I had children. I built a life that I love. One I want to keep living.

And yet, over 20 years later, even after the death of my only sibling by suicide, even after the births of my two beautiful kids, I still hear that voice sometimes.

It’s not nearly as loud or as frequent, but it’s still there. I think it always will be. I don’t try to silence it, anymore. I know that what it says isn’t true. I try to sit with it. I try to find the feeling underneath the words. Is it loneliness? Exhaustion? Fear?

I try to hold it, gently, like a bird with broken wings. I listen, and then I let it go.

Learning to give a voice to pain after a suicide attempt

A.P. Looze, 28-year-old from Minnesota

The agony of desiring to die is an ineffable sensation. No matter how many friends I had, or how successful I was in work and school, the shadow of wanting to kill myself loomed over me.

I lost all capacity to take care of myself, and felt completely alone. I had come to a point where I believed I held no capacity to find joy or meaning in life, so I attempted to kill myself.

As time has passed, and as I have faced depressed and nihilistic sensations akin to the ones that lead to my attempt eight years ago, I have come to understand that there is nothing wrong or bad about wanting to die.

This is a sensation that happens, often triggered by immediate stressors, and/or deep wounding that one cannot find language to explain. It is one of the most difficult sensations to cope with.

We live in a culture that does not actively honor our pain and suffering, nor gives us adequate space and connection with others to heal from and make sense of trauma, which is something every single human experiences just by way of living.

Since my attempt, I realized I had to learn how to give myself and others love, light, softness and care. I have made a conscious effort to give voice to my pain and my struggles -- in therapy and with friends -- and through that I have learned I am not alone.

We all suffer. It is a fact of life. We need to love and care for each other and ourselves through it.

I have learned how to not feel ashamed of having attempted suicide. I talk about it openly and candidly in an effort to reduce stigma.

When the going gets rough, and if thoughts of suicide do not subside quickly, I ask for help. I talk to people I trust. I go to the psych ward if I need to. I remind myself that my life is not mine to take. I remind myself that the feeling will pass, just as every feeling does.

To read more stories of suicide attempt survivors, visit LiveThroughThis.org.

Anyone in crisis, or who knows someone in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or contact the Crisis Text Line by texting TALK to 741-741. You can reach Trans Lifeline at 877-565-8860 (U.S.) or 877-330-6366 (Canada) and The Trevor Project at 866-488-7386.

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ABC News(CLARKE COUNTY, VA.) -- Scientists and officials on the East Coast are working to locate invasive plants known as giant hogweed that can cause third-degree burns and even permanent blindness to those who come in contact, after Virginia residents reported discovering the noxious plants in their yards.

Giant hogweed looks very similar to the common native species cow parsnip, but if the hogweed's sap touches the skin it can cause chronic, burning pain that can last several weeks, according to experts at Virginia Tech University's Massey Herbarium.

“Once you get the sap on your skin, and you are exposed to the sunlight, the chemical is activated [and] it can cause a severe burn,” Massey Herbarium curator Jordan Metzgar told ABC News.

Giant hogweed and cow parsnip have “similar flowers and leaves" and cow parsnip's "sap can cause [a] reaction, but usually it is not as bad as hogweed,” he added.

Hogweed was first planted about 30 or 40 years ago, Metzger said.

The first plants reported last week were part of a home garden and had been on the property for forty years, according to Kevin Heffernan, a stewardship biologist at the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation.

“It is not escaped and naturalized in our landscape,” Mr. Heffernan told ABC. “However, in this instance, it was a cultivated planting, not a wild population. This is a very important distinction.”

Giant hogweed is listed in Virginia by the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (VDACS) as a "noxious weed,’ and by the Department of Conservation and Recreation (DCR) as “an early detection invasive plant,” which means it is not yet entrenched in Virginia, Heffernan said.

"If we find it the goal is to eradicate it before it becomes established,” he told ABC News.

The plants that were discovered in Clarke County last week are being removed by VDACS.

The group has identified about 30 toxic hogweed plants in Virginia so far.

“A species will continue to be listed as "early detection" until it is shown to be permanently established and beyond the scope of a feasible eradication program,” DCR wrote on its website. “Further, if a species is successfully eradicated, it will likely remain on the early detection list to encourage ongoing vigilance.”

Metzgar said that if anyone makes contact with giant hogweed, the victim should wash the sap off of the skin with cold water and soap. Victims would needs a few weeks to recover from the burn, and their skin would remain sensitive to sunlight.

“No one knew about this plant before," Metzger said. "Sounds like they actually planted it about 30 or 40 years ago as a decorative species, but nobody knew they were there until just now.”

Metzgar said that his department has been talking to the press to spread the news of the danger that can be caused by giant hogweed.

“Since last Wednesday, I have been responding to email and phone messages from concerned citizens," he said. "I am sharing with them the information I have shared with you,” Heffernan said.

New York’s Department of Environmental Conservation has also published a guide on “how to control giant hogweed,” on its website.

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BY DR. KARINE TAWAGI, BY ABC NEWS

iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- "Call of Duty," "Grand Theft Auto" and "Fortnite" are just some of the super-popular video games that have captured the imaginations of gamers around the world. But health officials have become increasingly concerned about what all those hours lost in gaming worlds might actually be doing to mental health.

This week, the World Health Organization said that gaming can be highly addictive and that "gaming disorder" will be added to the latest version of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

In the U.S., 60 percent of Americans play video games daily, according to the Entertainment Software Association (ESA).

Video games are designed to be riveting, the reaction designers hope for is "I couldn’t stop playing." But the desire to keep players going and wanting more is actually becoming an addiction for many.

The definition of gaming disorder


The ICD defines gaming disorder as an "impaired control," meaning that increasing priority is given to gaming. Over time, gaming -- and the continuation or escalation of gaming -- can take priority over other interests and daily activities, despite some negative consequences.

For an official diagnosis of "gaming disorder," video game playing must have an affect on work, personal or family life for 12 months.

Who are gamers?

In 2018, more than 150 million Americans are playing video games and 64 percent of American households are home to at least one person who plays video games regularly, or at least three hours per week, according to the ESA.

Those who think it's just teens playing are wrong. The average gamer is 34 years old and 72 percent of gamers are age 18 or older, according to the 2018 ESA data report.

What parents should know about the online survival game Fortnite

A research study in April 2017 from the Pew Research Center found that six in 10 Americans ages 18 to 29 played video games and half of Americans ages 30 to 59 played. This survey study counted video games played on computers, TV, game consoles and mobile phones. The most popular types of video games were puzzle and strategy games, followed by adventure games and shooter games.

Some health care professionals believe that depression or anxiety could be linked to video game addiction, but the jury is out on which comes first. Are addicts more likely to become depressed or are those who are depressed more likely to become addicts?

Gaming disorder labeled as a disease

Official designating "gaming disorder" as a disease serves a number of purposes, according to Dr. Shekhar Saxena, director of WHO’s Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse. It may help gamers to be aware that they have a problem, encourage psychiatrists and therapists to provide treatment and increase the chances that insurance companies would cover the cost of that treatment.

How is gaming disorder treated?

Mental health specialists are trying to provide therapy and medications, using treatments for anxiety or alcoholism as a model.

Wilderness camps and rehab centers are available for gaming addicts, but can be extremely expensive. Though they might work on a given gamer, there isn’t any medical proof that they work overall.

One of these centers, reSTART, offers residential treatment for problematic Internet and video game use. The treatment approach first takes the gamer through the equivalent of detox: A digital "de-tech" period. They work to address mental health issues -- depression, anxiety, and attention deficit disorder (ADD), while coming to grips with factors that might lead to increased virtual connection and developing an individualized plan for how to engage with digital media in a healthy way.

Should everyone be concerned about gaming disorder?

The WHO suggests that only a small number of people who play video games will be affected with gaming disorder. For people who play video games, the advice: be aware of the number of hours in front of the game.

It becomes a problem when people start to avoid daily activities, or when it affects their social lives, physical or psychological health.

In light of the new WHO classification, perhaps there will be a new awareness that too much "Candy Crush" or "Fortnite" may not just be a quirk, it could be a real problem.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Summer is all about backyard barbecues and that means lots of burgers and food on the grill.

If you're trying to be healthier this summer, there are simple swaps to lighten up the go-to grilling dishes, says nutrition expert Brooke Alpert.

Alpert, author of "The Diet Detox," shared a healthy summer BBQ menu with leaner proteins that are lower in calories and sodium content to keep you on track.

1. Try a turkey burger instead of beef and skip the bun.

The classic beef burger with lettuce, tomato, pickle and cheese has about 564 calories. Instead of beef, try a turkey burger on a collard green wrap with tomato, pickle, and cheese

Why it’s a great figure-friendly swap: "Turkey is a leaner meat than beef. Not only is a turkey burger lower in calories, it's also lower in fat and higher in calcium than beef. Plus, wrapping your burger in a high fiber vegetable like collard greens saves on calories and provides an amazing source of nutrients like antioxidants to keep you healthy."

How to make it: Grill turkey burger patty on both sides. Place in collard green wrap and add one tomato, slice, one pickle spear, and a slice of cheddar cheese.

2. Leaner lamb chops instead of baby back ribs.

Why it’s a great figure-friendly swap: Lamb chops have a lower fat content than baby back ribs. In addition, baby back ribs are often prepared with a ton of sugary BBQ sauce, which is extremely high in sugar and empty calories. Lamb chops are leaner and lower in calories.

How to make it: Set up your grill with a high heat area and a medium heat area. Place chop on grill over the medium heat for 4 minutes on each side, then move it to the high heat area for 1-2 mins on each side to sear the outside.

3. Tuna kebabs instead of steak.

Swap a 4 oz. steak kebab with peppers and opinions for tuna instead.

Why it’s a great figure-friendly swap: Tuna is much leaner than beef in terms of fat content. Plus, tuna is full of omega-3 fatty acids -- good fats and a staple of a healthy diet. Just be careful not to consume too much tuna too often, as your mercury content could rise.

How to make it: Make your charcoal grill very hot.

Season the tuna with olive oil, salt, and pepper, and slice into 1.5-inch pieces.

Grill each side for 1 - 2 minutes, until the outside is just done but the center is still red and raw.

For onions and peppers: Do a rough chop of the vegetables. Season with olive oil, salt, and pepper and place on grill for about 12 minutes or until they reach desired texture/consistency. Place the vegetables and tuna pieces onto kebab stick.

4. Bye, bye bratwurst.

Pass on the bratwurst and try a turkey hot dog with mustard and sauerkraut.

Why it’s a great figure-friendly swap: Bratwurst contains meat with a high fat content and therefore a high calorie content. Choosing leaner meat like turkey saves on calories. Plus, the sodium content is lower so you won’t feel that salt-bloat the morning after your BBQ. The sauerkraut is also an amazing source of probiotics which will improve your gut bacteria and overall health.

Recipe for each dish: Grill a turkey hot dog like the Great Organic Uncured Turkey Hot Dog from Applegate. Place on bun with 1 teaspoon mustard and 1 tablespoon sauerkraut.



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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW  YORK) -- Weight loss may be a promising treatment for obese people with one of the most common joint disorders, according to a new study.

For those who are overweight or obese with knee osteoarthritis, losing 20 percent of their body weight can result in a 25 percent reduction in pain, according to a study published Monday in the medical journal Arthritis Care and Research.

Researchers at Wake Forest University analyzed data from a previous trial that included 240 overweight and obese adults with knee osteoarthritis and pain. Each lost weight over an 18-month period. Some had lost less than 5 percent of their body weight, some between 5 and 10 percent of their body weight, a smaller group shed between 10 and 20 percent of their body weight, and 20 percent or more of their body weight.

Everyone who lost weight improved in the areas of overall pain, quality of life, mobility, knee joint loads and inflammation. Researchers also found that the greater the weight loss, the greater chance of improvements in those areas.

More benefits were seen in the group that lost at least 10 percent of their body weight, and the best benefits were seen in the group that lost more than 20 percent of their body weight.

“Currently, there is no treatment that slows the progression or prevents this debilitating disease; hence, research has focused on improving clinical outcomes important to the patient,” Dr. Stephen Messier of Wake Forest University and lead author of the study said in a statement.

“A 10 percent weight loss is the established target recommended by the National Institutes of Health as an initial weight loss for overweight and obese adults. The importance of our study is that a weight loss of 20 percent or greater—double the previous standard—results in better clinical outcomes, and is achievable without surgical or pharmacologic intervention,” Messier added.

While the study was small, it showed that those who lost 20 percent of their body weight had an additional 25 percent reduction in pain and significantly higher quality of life compared to the group that lost 10 percent of their body weight.

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Becca Rillo Photography(NEW YORK) -- The parents of a 6-year-old boy who suffers from a debilitating disorder likened to 'childhood Alzheimer's' have started a campaign to save their son.

"Carter is probably one of the most loving children you'll ever meet," Jennifer Sarker, Carter's mom, told "Good Morning America." "He's very affectionate, he's very playful. He keeps us on our toes and makes us laugh daily. He's sporty and outgoing and just loves to meet everyone."

In 2016, Carter Sarker was diagnosed with Sanfilippo Syndrome, a rare neuro-degenerative disorder will take his ability to talk, swallow and walk. It's likely Carter will develop seizures and suffer severe dementia.

There is no cure, and Carter's life expectancy is his mid-to-late teenage years.

Now, Carter's parents are urgently trying to raise $1 million in one month to fund a clinical trial that could not only save Carter's life, but many others in a similar situation.
Sarkar said her son has begun to stumble when he walks, has lost some language skills and is experiencing very early stages of memory loss.

"I think what's been most eye-opening to us is, we'll be at our favorite place and he will be so scared and frightened," she said. "He's crying because he doesn't know how we got there. He starts to cry, I start to cry."

Sarkar said that Carter was diagnosed after she brought him to the doctor for unrelated chronic pancreatitis. Because Carter was not yet potty trained, the gastroenterologist suggested she bring him to a geneticist.

"After 30 seconds [the geneticist] looked at him and said, 'He might have Sanfilippo syndrome,'" Sarkar said, adding that children with the disorder have similar facial features.

Sarkar said she inquired about treatment options, but doctors told her there wasn't a cure.

"[The doctor] said, 'You just have to go home and love on him," Sarkar recalled. "No parent should ever have to bury their child. My husband and I went into a dark place. It wasn't just about the pain and suffering that was going to happen to him, it was about our daughter and how this was going to affect her as well."

In 2017, ABC News covered Carter's story when his neighborhood held a Halloween block party for him five months early.

At the time, Cara O'Neill, a pediatrician and the scientific director at Cure Sanfilippo Foundation, had said Sanfilippo syndrome is caused by children not having enough of an enzyme to break down normal byproducts of cell metabolism.

"It builds up and causes damages to the cells, but particularly brain cells," O'Neill explained.

Divaj Vat, Carter's doctor, told "GMA" that Sanfilipo affects about 1 in 70,000 children.

"Unfortunately, because there is no proven treatment and the disease always gets worse, patients with this disease usually don't live past their teenage or early adult years," said Vat, a physician and biochemical geneticist at Kaiser Permanente in Southern California. "The metabolic genetics team at Kaiser Permanente is committed to assisting and guiding patients with these kinds of disorders to suitable clinical trials and treatments. Given Carter’s situation, he is doing remarkably well right now. His parents are doing a great job caring and advocating for him."

There are four types of Sanfillippo. Carter has Sanfillippo type A, which Sarkar said is the most common and the most severe.

For now, Carter's family keeps his brain active with speech therapy, physical and occupational therapy, music therapy and more.

"He's progressing, which is great, especially when doctors say they lose their speech and language around 5 with this disease," Sarker said. "We are consistently trying to keep him on his toes so we have a little more time with him."

On May 22, Jennifer and Samir Sarkar created the crowdfunding page savingcarter.com, which has generated more than $400,000 and will close on June 22. Their goal remains $1 million.

All funds will go to the nonprofit Cure Sanfilippo Foundation, which is funding the trial that could give Carter a second chance.

"The research is a novel enzyme replacement therapy that has had remarkable results of helping fix the brain in closely related diseases," Sarker explains on the website. "We are currently racing against time to fund this trial and get it up and running. It will help Carter and so many other kids also hoping for a chance at life."

Glenn O'Neill, president of Cure SFF, said that the Sarkars have been raising awareness and funding for research for not only Carter, but for thousands who suffer from this disease.

O'Neill explained that the only chance for these kids to survive is they must meet certain criteria to be included in a clinical trial.

A common reason why children with Sanfilippo syndrome are left out of trials is because there's a very limited number of trials and spots, O'Neill added. Currently, there is one trial one for type A of the disorder and one trial for type B. Both only have a handful of spots remaining, with Phase 1 trials only including six to 20 patients.

"Children left out of clinical trials, regardless of the reasons why, have no chance at life, unfortunately," he told "GMA" in a statement. "Saving Carter is a story of one family and one child. It is an urgent push to help raise $1 million to fund this novel enzyme replacement therapy and bring it to patients who desperately need it, like Carter."

"We know what the next five years are going to look like," Sarkar said of her son, "so we are trying to do everything we possibly can to change that for him."

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WPBF-TV(PALM BEACH, Fla.) -- This Father's Day, a daughter is giving her dad a priceless gift -- a second chance at life.

Florida high school music teacher Ronald Corbin had been on a waiting list for a kidney transplant for three years when his daughter, Candice Corbin, contacted him with good news, according to ABC Palm Beach station WPBF-TV.

After she grew tired of her father's waiting, she decided to take a test to see whether she could be a donor.

"I didn't know she was getting tested," Ronald told WPBF-TV. "She lives in New York, and she got tested up there. And one day she called me and said, 'Daddy, I'm a match.'"

At the end of May, at Cleveland Clinic Florida in Weston, Candice donated a kidney to her father, who had been on dialysis since 2015.

Ronald said he never would have asked or expected his daughter to donate a kidney.

"Wow, it's amazing -- it was beyond me to realize she would do this for me, but she's a great kid and I really love her," he said.

Both father and daughter are doing well after the surgery, WPBF-TV reported. Ronald said he's recovering quickly, and Candice is back singing in New York.

"I'm just blessed to have you in my life," he told her. "Thank you, and I love you."

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Life can be stressful. Very stressful.

Dealing with work, relationships, family, social media and the struggles of daily life can be a lot.

Finding someone to talk about dealing with it all can be stressful in itself. Breaking away from work to meet with a mental health professional, the potential cost of those appointments and trying to navigate insurance to get mental health coverage -- just arranging to get help can be hard.

But if smartphones are good for anything, it's easier access to information -- and even help. They can make mental health support accessible anytime, anywhere.

Here are seven apps that provide mental health and mindfulness support on the go.

1. What's Up

What's Up is a free app that helps users cope with depression, anxiety, anger and stress through therapy methods and tools like a diary and a tracker for both positive and negative habits. The app also has forums to connect with others, guides on staying grounded and calming breathing techniques.

2. Insight Timer


This app offers nearly 10,000 free guided meditations to choose from. Users can modify the meditation to what they need at the moment, choosing from options ranging from ambient sounds to the sounds of bells.

Insight Timer also has more than 3,000 discussion groups and local meet-ups run by users.

3. Happify

Happify is one case where playing games on a smartphone can serve a meaningful purpose. The app, free with in-app purchase options, has different tracks –- from parenting to anxiety to confidence –- that are coached by trained professionals. Choose tracks and then play games and activities to progress.

4. Talkspace

Talkspace allows users to connect virtually with a licensed therapist. For $49 per week, there's private access to a therapist via text, audio or video chat, as often as daily or multiple times per day.

5. Stigma

Creating a word cloud may not be the first thing that comes to mind when it comes to therapy, but it is a tool in this app. Stigma provides an easy way to journal and then visually display the prominent words in that writing as a way to track thoughts and feelings. The app can also track mood in a visual calendar and graph how each person's mood adjusts over time.

6. Anxiety Reliever

The clouds featured on this app's background give a clue to where it leads: A calmer and more peaceful state. The subscription-based app has audio sessions that focus on relaxation and overcoming anxiety and stress.

7. Quit That!

The seeming inability to quit something -- whether it's alcohol or Diet Coke or the daily coffee rituals blowing budgets -- can lead to stress. Quit That! is a free app that tracks habits people are trying to quit and shows accomplishments along the way, like how long it's been since quitting and how much money it's saved.

Anyone in crisis, or who knows someone in crisis, please call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or contact the Crisis Text Line by texting TALK to 741-741.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- An outbreak of salmonella that has infected 73 people in 31 states has led investigators to a suspected culprit: certain batches of Kellogg’s Honey Smacks cereal.

The Kellogg Co. has recalled packages of the cereal that are either 15.3 ounces or 23 ounces in size and have a “best if used by” date -- printed on the top of the box – between June 14, 2018, and June 14, 2019.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is urging people to throw away or return Honey Smacks cereals that fall under the recall.

"Even if some of the cereal was eaten and no one got sick, throw the rest of it away or return it for a refund," the CDC said. "If you store cereal in a container without the packaging and don’t remember the brand or type, throw it away."

“This is based on preliminary evidence linking the cereal to an outbreak of illnesses across the country," said Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Commissioner Scott Gottlieb in an agency brief. "The FDA has already initiated an inspection of the facility that we believe is linked to the salmonella contamination. And we’ve worked with the company to immediately initiate a recall of this product.”

The CDC is working along with the FDA investigating the outbreak.

Of the 73 people known to have been infected in this salmonella outbreak, at least 24 have been hospitalized, according to the CDC. No deaths have been reported.

People began falling ill in early March, with others becoming infected through the end of May, the CDC reports. More recent infections may not be known yet because it takes from two to four weeks for reporting of a salmonella-caused illness, the agency said.

Those known to be infected range in age from infants to 87-year-olds. Nearly two-thirds -- 65 percent -- of people affected are women, the CDC said.

Thirty-nine people with the illness were interviewed, and 30 of them reported eating cold cereal, with 14 of them recalling Honey Smacks in particular, the CDC said.

People infected with this strand of salmonella, called salmonella mbandaka, typically get sick 12 to 72 hours after eating it. Symptoms include diarrhea, fever and belly cramps, and can last from four to seven days.

Most people recover on their own without medical treatment. But if the infection is severe -- spreading to the blood stream and other parts of the body -- it can require hospitalization.  

The CDC is advising people to check the bottom of the cereal boxes for a UPC code. The smaller cereal box has a code of 3800039103; the larger, 3800014810.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- A newly released study of about 15,000 high school students has found that fewer are having sex and fewer are using drugs.

The national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) -- a study of students across 21 urban school districts covering 39 states -- was conducted from 2007-2017.

The number of teens engaging in sexual behavior declined to 39.5 percent from 47.8 percent, but those who did have intercourse were less likely to use a condom. That rate fell to 53.8 percent from 61.5 percent, which may concern some parents because half of all new sexually transmitted disease infections occur in 15- to 24-year-olds.

Teens identifying as sexual minorities -- including homosexual, bisexual or non-binary -- rose to 14.6 percent. This group typically experiences higher rates of substance abuse and is at greater risk of suicide or abuse from peers.

The use of cocaine, heroin, methamphetamines, inhalants, hallucinogens or ecstasy declined to 14 percent from 22.6 percent, but 14 percent of the students studied reported misusing prescription opioids.

"We were surprised to see that 14 percent of high school students reported having misused prescription opioids," Dr. Kathleen Ethier, director of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) and Prevention Division of Adolescent and School Health, told ABC News. "Prescription opioid misuse can lead to overdose and increased risk for HIV. This is the first year we've had national YRBS data specific to the misuse of prescription opioids, and I think most people will agree that one in seven high school students reporting this behavior in the midst of a national opioid crisis is particularly concerning."

In 2015, the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) reported that the total number of drug-overdose deaths among teens was 772, with most linked to opioids.

Fewer teens are carrying weapons around. The number who reported carrying a gun, knife or club in the prior 30 days fell to 15.7 percent from 26.1 percent in 1991. But 3.8 percent still said they carried a weapon onto school property in the previous 30 days.

In 2016, NVSS reported that for students aged 10-19, firearms accounted for 87 percent of all homicides and 43 percent of all suicides.

The CDC in 2016 reported that suicide had become the second-leading cause of death in the 10-34 age group. Among the students in the YRSB survey, more reported feelings of sadness or hopelessness over the previous 12 months, a figure that rose to 31.5 percent in 2017 from 28.5 percent in 2007.

Almost one in five said they had seriously considered suicide, and about one in 13 had attempted suicide in the preceding 12 months.

One-third of teens in the survey said they were obese or overweight, an increase from previous years. In addition to contributing to heart disease, high blood pressure, asthma, diabetes and liver damage, being overweight can have significant effects on a teen's mental health.

Ethier told ABC News that the results of these studies are critical to "address public health issues and direct funding, help develop school-based health education and promotion programs, set goals for adolescent health and wellness, and monitor and measure long-term public health outcomes."

The report didn't include data from teens who aren't attending school, which includes many high-risk teens and dropouts. Students' body-mass indexes were calculated from self-reported heights and weights, meaning obesity rates likely are higher.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Vitamin D helps maintain bone health, but could it also help prevent cancer? Researchers think it could lower the risk of colon cancer, because of its role in pathways related to cell growth and regulation.

This large international study looked at vitamin D blood levels of 5,700 people with colon cancer and 7,100 without it in the U.S., Europe, and Asia. This new research comes from scientists from the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the American Cancer Society (ACS), the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, and 20 other medical centers around the world.

The study, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, found that being deficient in vitamin D (under 30nmol/L) was associated with a 31 percent higher risk of colon cancer in both men and women, after they followed them for an average of 5.5 years.

Having “adequate” levels of vitamin D was linked with a 22 percent lower risk of colon cancer in women, but no significant difference in men. At higher blood levels, beyond 100nmol/L, there was no added benefit.

Colon cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the U.S., and represents 8.1 percent of all new cancer cases. According to the ACS, the lifetime risk of colon cancer is 1 in 22 for men, and 1 in 24 for women.

It is important to be aware that too much vitamin D can be a problem. The Food and Nutrition Board at the Institute of Medicine previously suggested avoiding levels over 125-150nmol/L, due to possible links to kidney stones, mortality, pancreatic cancer, cardiovascular events, and falls and fractures.

What is the sweet spot for vitamin D levels? Future recommendations on optimal vitamin D doses may trend higher (75-100nmol/L) for colon cancer prevention. Now the dose recommended for bone health is a bit lower (less than 50nmol/L).

Though vitamin D is created when skin is exposed to sunlight, people should not spend more time in the sun to change their colon cancer risk – because their skin cancer risk would rise. Experts recommend that the best way to up vitamin D intake is from food (egg yolks, dairy, or fatty fish like salmon, tuna, mackerel). With regards to supplements, people should talk to their doctors regarding a blood test to measure their vitamin D levels, to determine if their levels are low enough to require supplements. Other studies have found vitamin supplements aren’t as effective as vitamins from food.

There’s more work to do. This study used just a single blood sample to estimate vitamin D levels, and it’s an observational study that only lasted a few years. Since the researchers didn’t take any action, they just looked at associations, they can’t say that low levels of vitamin D “caused” colon cancer, just that they are linked somehow. In addition, some racial/ethnic subgroups were not well represented in this study.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The rate of suicide for women increased by a staggering 50 percent between 2000 and 2016, according to a new study by the CDC.

The rate of suicide for men increased 21 percent over the same period, the study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found.

Lead author Dr. Holly Hedegaard told ABC News that the report uses the most recent data from the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) “to update trends in suicide from 2000 through 2016, and describes differences by sex, age group and means of suicide.”

The study comes at a critical time, in light of the heartbreaking, newsmaking suicides by designer Kate Spade and TV cooking personality Anthony Bourdain.

Though men still commit suicide more frequently than women, this sobering new report reveals the rate of increase in suicides was approximately even until 2007, when female suicide rates started to rise faster.

The ratio of male-to-female suicide rates was 4.4 men to 1 woman in 2000; it dropped to 3.6 men per one woman in 2016.

A leading cause of death, especially in teens, young adults

Since 2006, suicide rates have been increasing by a staggering 2 percent per year. Since 2008, suicide has ranked as the 10th leading cause of death for all ages in the U.S.

In 2016, suicide became the second leading cause of death among those aged 10-34 and the fourth leading cause among those aged 35-54. Nearly 45,000 people died from suicide – approximately one death every 12 minutes -- in 2016, according to the CDC.

Methods of suicide vary by age group and gender

Kate Spade, who died at age 55 by suffocation, was unusual for women in her age group, according to the new report. Suffocation is the most common method of suicide for young women (under age 25), poisoning by drug or gas is most common in women aged 45 and over.

Bourdain, who died at age 61 by suffocation, was also unusual. Men 15 and over are much more likely to die by firearm use. The CDC recently reported that people without known mental health conditions were more likely to be male and to die by firearm.

Dr. Hedegaard told ABC News, “This report shows that the methods of suicide differ by age group and sex. The observed patterns might help inform prevention efforts.”

Although the federal program Healthy People 2020 target is to reduce suicide rates to 10.2 per 100,000, this NVSS report, made with information on suicide deaths from death certificate records from all 50 states, shows that we have a ways to go.

The National Suicide Prevention Hotline is 1-800-273-TALK (8255) or www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- On a platter of cheese, pretzels and donuts, most people will probably reach for the donuts, according to a new study.

That could be because the brain values foods like donuts, with both fats and carbohydrates, more than foods high in only fats, like the cheese, or only carbs, like the pretzels.

People could be wired to want that deadly combo: Fats and carbohydrates together.

"We were interested in exploring mechanisms that drive food reinforcement," lead author Dana Small, director of Yale University’s Modern Diet and Physiology Research Center, told ABC News.

So how do the digestive and emotional system work for different types of macronutrients, like carbs and fats? And how do "man-made," processed foods that contain both fats and carbs affect these mechanisms?

To find out, the researchers took fMRI images of participants' brains while showing them photos of different foods. They were given a limited amount of money they could use to bid on their first-choices of the foods.

Their answers were telling. Most were willing to pay more for foods with fats and carbs together -- mostly processed foods like donuts, M&Ms or hamburgers -- as opposed to foods with just carbs, like bread and pretzels, or those with fats and no carbs, like cheese or salami.

The brain scans showed participants' brains lit up more when they were shown foods containing fats and carbs, regardless of the number of calories, amount of sugar or portion sizes.

This suggests that foods with both fats and carbs activate the reward centers in the brain and are more alluring and habit-forming, almost the same way drugs are addicting. The participants were also not as good at predicting the number of calories of foods with fats and carbs together, or carbs alone. They were better at guessing the calories of foods with just fats.

"Our study shows that when both nutrients are combined, the brain seems to overestimate the energetic value of the food," Small said.

The findings of the study suggest that the brain may have distinct pathways that guide information about the fat-and-carb combination foods.

This study may also provide "important insight in understanding how the food environment is contributing to the obesity and diabetes pandemic," Small said.

But,the study was limited in some ways: It did not evaluate what participants normally consume in their lives. What if somebody eats a lot of M&Ms normally – or never eats M&Ms, but is offered some? In addition, this was a small study done in Western Europe and eating habits can differ by culture.

Small said further research could give more information about why people crave the foods known to lead to obesity, why people eat even when they aren't hungry, why it is difficult to lose or keep off excess weight and how the brain-gut connection works for people with eating disorders.

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